Top Safety Pick

2012 Scion xD

small car / 4-door hatchback

2012 Scion xD 4-door hatchback

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2012 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Scion xD 4-door

The Scion xD was introduced in the 2008 model year. Beginning with 2012 models, modifications were made to the front seat belts to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes. Because the structure was not changed, the structure rating is based on this test and an earlier test of a 2008 model Scion xD.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

A high head acceleration occurred when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag.

Despite minimal intrusion into the driver footwell, forces on the right foot were just high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0721 CEF1110
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3 4
Left (cm) 9 10
Center (cm) 6 7
Right (cm) 5 6
Brake pedal (cm) 5 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2 3
Right (cm) 1 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2 0
Rearward (cm) -3 -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1110
Head
HIC-15 328
Peak gs at hard contact 76
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 34
Maximum Nij 0.48
Chest maximum compression (mm) 36
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.33
Maximum tibia index - right 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 56
Right 167

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2008-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2008 Scion xD 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Scion xD was introduced in the 2008 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0736
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -12.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0736
Head HIC-15 276
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 47
Lateral force (kN) 2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.28
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.47
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 4.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 138
A-P moment (Nm) 33

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0736
Head HIC-15 151
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 35
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.56
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.4
Combined force (kN) 4.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.2
L-M moment (Nm) 117
A-P moment (Nm) -38

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2008-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Scion xD 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 2,641 lbs
Peak force 15,171 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.74

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2008-14 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats AHR

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 50
Distance below top of head (mm) 54
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.5
Head contact time (ms) 65
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 416

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted