Top Safety Pick

2012 Lincoln MKZ

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

2012 Lincoln MKZ 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Other available safety features

  • Optional blind spot detection

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2007-12 models built after January 2007

Tested vehicle: 2012 Lincoln MKZ 4-door

The Lincoln MKZ was introduced in the 2006 model year, when it was named the Lincoln Zephyr. The name was changed to MKZ in 2007.

Beginning with 2007 models manufactured after January 2007, structural reinforcements were added to the floor ahead of the front seats, and a hard plastic "ramp" bolted underneath the carpeting near the base of the accelerator pedal was modified to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes with moderate overlap. (Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head and chest completely missed the frontal airbag as the steering column moved 18 cm to the right. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space wasn't maintained well.

During the crash, the steering column moved so far to the right that the dummy's head and chest completely missed contacting the frontal airbag.

Despite extensive intrusion of the door hinge pillar, driver footwell, and instrument panel, risk of injury was moderate and limited to the left knee.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1210
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 34
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 18
Brake pedal (cm) 11
Parking brake (cm) 0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 19
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 5
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 17
Upper dash (cm) 21
Lower instrument panel (cm) 23

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1210
Head
HIC-15 43
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 3.9
Right 1.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 13
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.77
Right 0.58
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 1.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 71
Right 42

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2007-12 models built after January 2007

Tested vehicle: 2007 Ford Fusion SE 4-door

The Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan, and Lincoln Zephyr were introduced in the 2006 model year. The Zephyr was renamed the MKZ beginning with 2007 models. All three cars were restyled beginning with the 2010 model year, and the Mercury Milan was discontinued after the 2010 model year.

Beginning with 2007 models manufactured after January 2007, structural reinforcements were added to the floor ahead of the front seats, and the hard plastic "ramp" bolted underneath the carpeting near the base of the accelerator pedal was modified to improve occupant protection in frontal offset crashes. In addition, the standard side airbags were changed so that they would deploy in severe frontal offset crashes. (Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door.)

The tested car was manufactured after all modifications had been made.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head brushed across the side curtain airbag and hit the roof rail during rebound, producing high forces on the neck.

Postcrash photo with carpeting removed indicating the modified "ramp" intended to reduce loading on the right leg and ankle in frontal offset crashes.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0702
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 7
Left (cm) 11
Center (cm) 10
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 3
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0702
Head
HIC-15 209
Peak gs at hard contact 69
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 36
Maximum Nij 0.72
Chest maximum compression (mm) 36
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.1
Femur force - right (kN) 4.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.47
Maximum tibia index - right 0.96
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 139
Right 158

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2010-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Lincoln MKZ 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Lincoln MKZ was introduced in the 2006 model year as the Zephyr and renamed beginning with the 2007 model year. Beginning with 2010 models, design changes were made to the door interior trim to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS0902
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -8.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS0902
Head HIC-15 263
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 2.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.46
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.36
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.2
Combined force (kN) 5.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 32
A-P moment (Nm) 128

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS0902
Head HIC-15 359
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 46
Lateral force (kN) 2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.59
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 54
A-P moment (Nm) 98

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2010-12 models built after April 2010

Tested vehicle: 2010 Ford Fusion SE 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,371 lbs
Peak force 16,117 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.78

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seats built after Jan 2011

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seats mfg after Jan 2011
Geometry
Backset (mm) 16
Distance below top of head (mm) 26
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.6
Head contact time (ms) 68
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 60
Max neck tension (N) 622

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted