Autonomous vehicle laws

July 2022

Does the driving automation law/provision...
State What type of driving automation on public roads does the law/provision permit? Require an operator to be licensed? Require an operator to be in the vehicle? Require liability insurance?
Alabama deployment — commercial motor vehicles only not addressed no yes; $2,000,000
Arizona deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 1 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yes
Arkansas deployment — commercial purposes only yes depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 3 yesFootnote 4
California deployment depends on vehicleFootnote 5 no yes; $5,000,000
Colorado deployment no not addressed no
Connecticut testing yes yes yes; $5,000,000
District of Columbia testing yesFootnote 6 no yes; $5,000,000
Florida deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yes
Georgia deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yesFootnote 8
Hawaii testing not addressed yes not addressed
Illinois testing yes yes yes
Iowa deployment yes depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yes
Kansas deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 1 noFootnote 9 yes
Louisiana deployment — commercial motor vehicles only depends on vehicleFootnote 10 no yes; $2,000,000
Maine testing not addressed no yes; $5,000,000
Massachusetts testing yes yes yesFootnote 11
Michigan depends on vehicleFootnote 12 yes no yes
Nebraska deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 1 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yes
Nevada deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yesFootnote 13
New Hampshire deployment depends on vehicleFootnote 14 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yesFootnote 15
New Mexico testing depends on vehicleFootnote 16 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yes; $5,000,000
New York testing yes yes yes; $5,000,000
North Carolina deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 no yes
North Dakota deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 2 yes
Ohio testing yes no yes
Oklahoma deployment (effective 11/01/22) not addressed (effective 11/01/22) no (effective 11/01/22) yes; $1,000,000.00 (effective 11/01/22)
Pennsylvania depends on vehicleFootnote 17 depends on vehicleFootnote 18 depends on vehicleFootnote 19 no
Tennessee deployment no no yes; $5,000,000
Texas deployment no no yes
Utah deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 no yes
Vermont testing yes yes yes; $5,000,000
Virginia testing not addressed not addressed no
Washington testing depends on whether operator present in vehicle no yes; $5,000,000
West Virginia deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 no yesFootnote 20