Autonomous vehicle laws

Does the driving automation law/provision...
State What type of driving automation on public roads does the law/provision permit? Require an operator to be licensed? Require an operator to be in the vehicle? Require liability insurance?
Alabama deployment — commercial motor vehicles only no no yes; $2,000,000
Arizona deployment yes depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 1 yes
Arkansas testingFootnote 2 not addressed depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 3 yes
California deployment not addressed no yes; $5,000,000
Colorado deployment no not addressed no
Connecticut testing yes yes yes; $5,000,000
District of Columbia deployment yes yes no
Florida deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 4 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 5 yes
Georgia deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 6 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 7 yesFootnote 8
Hawaii testing not addressed not addressed not addressed
Illinois testing yes yes yes
Iowa deployment yes depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 9 yes
Louisiana deployment — commercial motor vehicles only no no yes; $2,000,000
Maine testing not addressed not addressed yes
Massachusetts testing no yes no
Michigan depends on vehicleFootnote 10 yes no yes
Nebraska deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 11 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 12 yes
Nevada deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 13 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 14 yesFootnote 15
New Hampshire deployment yesFootnote 16 yes, except for testingFootnote 17 yes; $5,000,000Footnote 18
New York testing yes yes yes; $5,000,000
North Carolina deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 19 no yes
North Dakota deployment depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 20 depends on level of vehicle automationFootnote 21 yes
Ohio testing yes no yes
Pennsylvania depends on vehicleFootnote 22 depends on vehicleFootnote 23 depends on vehicleFootnote 24 no
Tennessee deployment no no yes; $5,000,000
Texas deployment no no yes
Utah deployment yes no yes
Vermont testing yes yes yes; $5,000,000
Virginia testing not addressed not addressed no
Washington testing depends on whether operator present in vehicle no yes