2003 Volvo XC90

midsize luxury SUV / 4-door SUV

2003 Volvo XC90 4-door SUV

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Roof strength

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2003-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Volvo XC90 3.2 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to protect the head from injury in the crash test. Still, the curtain airbag should extend farther forward toward the A-pillar to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects if crash circumstances were to differ slightly.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1336
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 4
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm) 7
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 4
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1336
Head
HIC-15 62
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 7
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.44
Right 0.44
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 0.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 35

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2003-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2003 Volvo XC90 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC90 was introduced in the 2003 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

The XC90's head restraints have good geometry, meaning they are high and close to the back of an occupant's head. Moreover, the seatback is specially designed to recline slightly in low-speed rear impacts to minimize the possibility of whiplash injuries.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0305
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 7
Left (cm) 10
Center (cm) 11
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0305
Head
HIC-15 135
Peak gs at hard contact 27
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 38
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 6.3
Femur force - right (kN) 5.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.34
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 54
Right 93

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2003-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Volvo XC90 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,718 lbs
Peak force 21,274 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.51

How the roof strength test is conducted