Top Safety Pick +

2017 Volvo XC60

midsize luxury SUV / 4-door SUV

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights

2017 Volvo XC60 4-door SUV
2016 Volvo XC60 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Superior
Standard system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Volvo XC60 3.2 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC60 was introduced in the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2013 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1304
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Upper dash (cm) 4
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1304
Head
HIC-15 91
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Femur (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.37
Right 0.46
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.8
Right 0.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 32

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2010-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Volvo XC60 3.2 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC60 was introduced in the 2010 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the roof rail during rebound. Head acceleration from this hit was low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0916
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 4
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0916
Head
HIC-15 188
Peak gs at hard contact 11
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 4
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 39
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 2.1
Femur force - right (kN) 0.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.26
Maximum tibia index - right 0.68
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 62

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2010-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Volvo XC60 3.2 4-door 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Volvo XC60 was introduced in the 2010 model year.

During the test, the lower side seat trim was pushed against a service release button for the safety belt, which then detached from its anchor on the outboard side of the driver's seat. Although there was no unusual movement of the dummy, the dummy was not restrained during part of the crash event. Volvo has addressed the problem on models built after November 2009 and is issuing a recall to fix the belts on cars built earlier.

Cars built before the fix and subsequently not repaired would be rated only Acceptable and would not be eligible for TOP SAFETY PICK status.

Rating applies to 2010-17 models

Tested vehicle:2010 Volvo XC60 3.2 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC60 was introduced in the 2010 model year.

During the test, the lower side seat trim was pushed against a service release button for the safety belt, which then detached from its anchor on the outboard side of the driver's seat. Although there was no unusual movement of the dummy, the dummy was not restrained during part of the crash event. Volvo has addressed the problem on models built after November 2009 and is issuing a recall to fix the belts on cars built earlier.

Cars built before the fix and subsequently not repaired would be rated only Acceptable and would not be eligible for TOP SAFETY PICK status.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

The driver dummy's head (shown) was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags. The rear passenger dummy's head was protected by the side curtain airbag.

During the crash, the lap portion of the driver dummy's lap/shoulder belt detached from its anchorage near the door and moved into the passenger's seat. Volvo is conducting a recall to fix the seat belt anchorage.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0927
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0927
Head HIC-15 85
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.48
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 33
A-P moment (Nm) -19

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0927
Head HIC-15 158
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 26
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.25
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 56
A-P moment (Nm) -20

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2010-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Volvo XC60 3.2 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,172 lbs
Peak force 21,828 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.23

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2010-17 models

Seat type: All seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 34
Distance below top of head (mm) 6
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 8.2
Head contact time (ms) 84
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 20
Max neck tension (N) 328

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with Full Auto Brake and Pedestrian Detection
  • Standard City Safety

Package name

  • Optional Advanced Package or Standard on R-Design Trim

Applies to 2017 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 13 mph.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

System details

  • Standard City Safety

Applies to 2013-17 models

Overall evaluation

  • Not available.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 1 mph.
Advanced
Advanced

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Dynamic trim equipped with Advanced package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Advanced package
  • R-Design trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Dynamic trim equipped with Advanced package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Advanced package
  • R-Design trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 96.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 58.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 75.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 57.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 144.8 m
Straightaway left edge 142.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 82.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 68.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 69.4 m

Trim level(s)

  • Dynamic trim equipped with Active Dual Xenon Headlight package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Active Dual Xenon Headlight package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Dynamic trim equipped with Active Dual Xenon Headlight package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Active Dual Xenon Headlight package
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 96.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 58.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 75.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 66.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 57.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 144.8 m
Straightaway left edge 142.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 82.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.5 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 68.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 69.4 m

Trim level(s)

  • Dynamic trim
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on the gradual right and both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Dynamic trim
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 79.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 49.3 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 53.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.5 m 14.9 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 40.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 167.6 m
Straightaway left edge 123.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 60.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.6 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T5 Drive-E Premier
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 59
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 22
Clearance angle (degrees) 50
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 22
Clearance angle (degrees) 53
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated