2024 Volvo XC40

small SUV / 4-door SUV

2024 Volvo XC40 4-door SUV
2021 Volvo XC40 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Advanced

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1810
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1810
Head
HIC-15 100
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.60
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.6
Right 1.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 55
Right 43

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of front crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1901
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 16
Footrest (cm) 9
Right toepan (cm) 4
Center toepan (cm) 3
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 8
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1901
Head
HIC-15 136
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 6.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 6
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.52
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 27
Right 43

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1901
Head
HIC-15 98
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.19
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 30
Right 51

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2021-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

The rear passenger dummy's head remained a safe distance from the front seatback.

Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a low risk of injury to the head or neck and chest. During the crash, the shoulder belt remained in an ideal position on the dummy’s chest.

The rear passenger dummy's lap belt remained in the ideal position on the pelvis.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2108
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 3
Right (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2108
Head
HIC-15 244
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 0.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.16
Right 0.22
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 63

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2108
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Compression (kN) 0.4
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest index 34
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 5.5
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.3
Right femur compression 0.4

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

February 2024 adjustment to rating criteria

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1902
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -20.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1902
Head HIC-15 97
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.83
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.85
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 12
A-P moment (Nm) 87

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1902
Head HIC-15 159
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) -0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 10
Lateral force (kN) 0.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 22
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.73
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 1.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 97
A-P moment (Nm) -23

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES2006
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -12.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES2006
Head
HIC-15 129
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 42
Average deflection (mm) 37
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.03
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.84
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 5.3

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES2006
Head
HIC-15 387
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 38
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.59
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.65
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.1

How the side crash test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

System details

  • standard Collision Warning with Full Autobrake

Overall evaluation

This rating applies to all 2023-24 models

Advanced
Advanced

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 8 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 17 mph.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 26 mph. A warning was issued 1.8 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 60 seconds
Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 30 seconds
Volume
Audio frequency
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 51 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 60 dB
Difference between background and signal 8.8 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 55 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 62 dB
Difference between background and signal 6.3 dB
Dominant audio frequency 528 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2019-24 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T5 Momentum
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T5 Momentum
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 27
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 4
Clearance angle (degrees) 21
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 13
Clearance angle (degrees) 21
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 6
Clearance angle (degrees) 21
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated