Top Safety Pick +

2019 Volvo XC40

small SUV / 4-door SUV

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights

2019 Volvo XC40 4-door SUV

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/ option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1810
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1810
Head
HIC-15 100
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.60
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.6
Right 1.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 55
Right 43

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of front crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1901
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 16
Footrest (cm) 9
Right toepan (cm) 4
Center toepan (cm) 3
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 8
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1901
Head
HIC-15 136
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 6.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 6
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.52
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 27
Right 43

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1901
Head
HIC-15 98
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.19
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 30
Right 51

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests of the XC40 were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests, but the vehicle specifications shown below are based on the Institute’s test.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well (Institute test car shown).

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag during rebound in the Institute's test.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal in both tests, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1901 VTF1902
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4 5
Left (cm) 6 7
Center (cm) 3 4
Right (cm) 4 4
Brake pedal (cm) 4 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0 0
Right (cm) 0 -1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1 -1
Rearward (cm) -1 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1901 VTF1902
Head
HIC-15 275 261
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7 8
Maximum Nij 0.21 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.6 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 0.4 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.21 0.27
Maximum tibia index - right 0.26 0.47
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.4 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.6 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50 49
Right 42 54

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

The Volvo XC40 was introduced in the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1902
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -20.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1902
Head HIC-15 97
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 34
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.83
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.85
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.7
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 12
A-P moment (Nm) 87

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1902
Head HIC-15 159
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) -0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 10
Lateral force (kN) 0.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 22
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.73
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 1.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 97
A-P moment (Nm) -23

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Volvo XC40 T5 Momentum 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,811 lbs
Peak force 19,949 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.23

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 6
Distance below top of head (mm) 28
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.0
Head contact time (ms) 49
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 64
Max neck tension (N) 236

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Collision Avoidance by City Safety

Package name

  • Standard T5 Momentum

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2019 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian

Trim level(s)

  • All trims

System details

  • City Safety

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2019 models

Superior
Superior
Average speed reduction
12 mph test 25 mph test
Crossing child 12 mph 23 mph
Crossing adult 12 mph 25 mph
Average speed reduction
25 mph test 37 mph test
Parallel adult 25 mph 35 mph
Warning time:
2.0 seconds

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Momentum trim equipped with Advanced package
  • R-Design trim equipped with Advanced package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Advanced package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim equipped with Advanced package
  • R-Design trim equipped with Advanced package
  • Inscription trim equipped with Advanced package
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 98.1 m 12.6 %
Straightaway left edge 63.7 m 12.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 74.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 58.5 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 68.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 52.4 m 0.5 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 169.2 m
Straightaway left edge 151.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 92.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 81.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 72.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 64.9 m

Trim level(s)

  • Momentum trim
  • R-Design trim
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim
  • R-Design trim
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 105.5 m 143.0 %
Straightaway left edge 65.0 m 143.0 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 75.1 m 11.4 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 58.8 m 32.4 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.5 m 18.0 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 54.5 m 39.2 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 154.5 m
Straightaway left edge 132.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 86.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 76.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 69.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.6 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T5 Momentum
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T5 Momentum
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 14
Clearance angle (degrees) 27
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 4
Clearance angle (degrees) 21
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 13
Clearance angle (degrees) 21
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 6
Clearance angle (degrees) 21
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated