Top Safety Pick

2018 Volvo S90

large luxury car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights

2018 Volvo S90 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/ option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Volvo S90 T6 Inscription 4-door 4wd

The Volvo S90 was introduced in the 2017 model year as a replacement for the Volvo S80.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1633
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Footrest (cm) 2
Left toepan (cm) 2
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 1
Lower instrument panel (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1633
Head
HIC-15 76
Peak gs at hard contact not meas.
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.12
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.52
Right 0.44
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.9
Right 0.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 40
Right 26

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Tested vehicle: 2018 Volvo S90 4-door 2wd

The Volvo S90 was introduced in the 2017 model year as a replacement for the Volvo S80. Beginning with the 2018 model year, a longer-wheelbase variant replaced the short-wheelbase version. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2018 S90 conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the right side of the frontal airbag but began to move into the gap between the frontal and side curtain airbags, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The inflated side curtain airbag has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1914
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Footrest (cm) 1
Right toepan (cm) 1
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1
Upper dash (cm) 1
Right lower dash (cm) 1

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1914
Head
HIC-15 79
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 0.3
Right 0.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.40
Right 0.52
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.2
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 31

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1914
Head
HIC-15 46
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.8
Right 1.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.26
Right 0.28
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left no data
Right no data

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Volvo S90 T6 4-door 4wd

The Volvo S90 was introduced in the 2017 model year as a replacement for the Volvo S80. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1625
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1625
Head
HIC-15 114
Peak gs at hard contact 30
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.3
Femur force - right (kN) 0.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.51
Maximum tibia index - right 0.35
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 3.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 73
Right 51

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2018-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2018 Volvo S90 T5 Momentum 4-door 2wd

The Volvo S90 was introduced in the 2017 model year as a replacement for the Volvo S80. Beginning with the 2018 model year, a longer-wheelbase variant replaced the short-wheelbase version that was tested during the 2017 model year. Two side tests of a 2018 Volvo S90 were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Volvo as part of side crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the Institute's crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment (Institute test car shown).

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag in the Institute's test.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1808 VTS1805
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -19.0 -19.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1808 VTS1805
Head HIC-15 119 175
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.5 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 35 35
Lateral force (kN) 1.8 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 40 41
Average deflection (mm) 37 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.81 4.05
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.82 0.78
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4 1.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3 1.5
Combined force (kN) 2.6 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 185 182
A-P moment (Nm) 38 57

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1808 VTS1805
Head HIC-15 144 82
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3 0.4
Compression (kN) 1.1 0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 18 20
Lateral force (kN) 1.0 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 15 18
Average deflection (mm) 13 13
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.63 1.31
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.11 0.07
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6 0.8
Combined force (kN) 1.7 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 99 41
A-P moment (Nm) -28 -29

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Volvo S90 T6 Inscription 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,140 lbs
Peak force 21,877 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.28

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 19
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.0
Head contact time (ms) 49
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 10
Max neck tension (N) 242

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard City Safety

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2017-19 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Momentum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right and gradual left curves and fair on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2018-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 98.1 m None
Straightaway left edge 51.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 67.4 m 48.1 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 57.4 m 97.4 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 167.0 m
Straightaway left edge 157.9 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 80.2 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 76.0 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 61.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 59.8 m

Trim level(s)

  • Momentum trim equipped with Momentum Plus package
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on the gradual right and both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the gradual left and sharp right curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Momentum trim equipped with Momentum Plus package
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type LED reflector
High-beam headlight type LED reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 80.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 26.1 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 49.3 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 30.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 33.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 145.6 m
Straightaway left edge 120.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 78.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 73.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 57.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 54.9 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T6 Inscription
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T6 Inscription
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 46
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 46
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 49
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 47
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated