Top Safety Pick

2018 Volvo S60

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights

2018 Volvo S60 4-door sedan
2016 Volvo S60 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Superior
Standard system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Volvo S60 T5 4-door

The Volvo S60 was redesigned for the 2011 model year. The small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the S60, known as the Volvo V60, introduced in the 2015 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but slid left into a gap in coverage between the frontal and side curtain airbags, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure and outside objects, despite good stability of the steering column. This gap is mainly due to a combination of the narrow, asymmetric frontal airbag and a curtain airbag that doesn't extend sufficiently forward. The side torso airbag deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

During the crash, the dummy's head slipped into the gap between the narrow frontal airbag and the side curtain airbag, which does not extend far enough forward.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1207
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 5
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Parking brake (cm) 0
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 6
Lower instrument panel (cm) 5

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1207
Head
HIC-15 86
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 16
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.45
Right 0.54
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 39

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Volvo S60 4-door

The Volvo S60 was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Moderate overlap ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volvo as part of frontal crash test verification.

The moderate overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the S60, known as the Volvo V60, introduced in the 2015 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1017
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 1
Left (cm) 1
Center (cm) 2
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1017
Head
HIC-15 329
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 4
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.1
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.27
Maximum tibia index - right 0.57
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 51

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Volvo S60 T5 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Volvo S60 was redesigned for the 2011 model year. The side crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the S60, known as the Volvo V60, introduced in the 2015 model year.

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle:2012 Volvo S60 T5 4-door

The Volvo S60 was redesigned for the 2011 model year. The side crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the S60, known as the Volvo V60, introduced in the 2015 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1106
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1106
Head HIC-15 94
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 6.68
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.83
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.8
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 124
A-P moment (Nm) 16

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1106
Head HIC-15 434
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.52
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 1.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 249
A-P moment (Nm) 27

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Volvo S60 T5 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,563 lbs
Peak force 17,650 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.95

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Seat type: All Seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All Seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 7
Distance below top of head (mm) 11
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 8.4
Head contact time (ms) 81
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 42
Max neck tension (N) 245

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

Ratings are given for 2 different trim variations available on this vehicle.

System details

  • Optional Collision Warning with Full Auto Brake and Pedestrian Detection
  • Standard City Safety

Package name

  • Optional Technology Package or Standard on Inscription, Platinum, and R-Design Trims

Applies to 2017-18 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 14 mph.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

System details

  • Standard City Safety

Applies to 2013-18 models

Overall evaluation

  • Not available.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 2 mph.
Advanced
Advanced

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Dynamic trim equipped with Technology package
  • Polestar trim
  • Inscription trim equipped with Technology package
  • Inscription Platinum trim
  • R-Design trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Dynamic trim equipped with Technology package
  • Polestar trim
  • Inscription trim equipped with Technology package
  • Inscription Platinum trim
  • R-Design trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-18 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 71.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 55.4 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 91.8 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 75.8 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 145.4 m
Straightaway left edge 108.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 93.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 73.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 76.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 63.5 m

Trim level(s)

  • Dynamic trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Dynamic trim
Low-beam headlight type HID projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-18 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 71.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 55.4 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 91.8 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 75.8 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 145.4 m
Straightaway left edge 108.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 93.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 73.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 76.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 63.5 m

Trim level(s)

  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Inscription trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-18 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 56.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 31.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 42.5 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 34.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 36.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 31.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 171.8 m
Straightaway left edge 141.5 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 59.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 55.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 48.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.1 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2015-18 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim T5 Premier
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 32
Clearance angle (degrees) 59
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 26
Clearance angle (degrees) 60
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 25
Clearance angle (degrees) 62
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated