2004 Volvo S60

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

2004 Volvo S60 4-door sedan
2002 Volvo S60 shown


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test
Head restraints & seats


  • G
  • A
  • M
  • P
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2001-09 models

Tested vehicle: 2002 Volvo S60 4-door

The Volvo S60 was introduced in the 2001 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the B-pillar and head restraint during rebound. Head accelerations from these hits were low.

Forces on both lower legs and the right foot were high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0204
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 9
Left (cm) 15
Center (cm) 17
Right (cm) 14
Brake pedal (cm) 12
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2
Rearward (cm) 2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0204
HIC-15 209
Peak gs at hard contact 48
Tension (kN) 0.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 36
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Femur force - left (kN) 2.9
Femur force - right (kN) 3.1
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.93
Maximum tibia index - right 0.70
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 5.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 70
Right 174

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: All seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats
Backset (mm) 20
Distance below top of head (mm) 50
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 7.0
Head contact time (ms) 92
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 56
Max neck tension (N) 663

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

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