2007 Volvo S40

midsize car / 4-door sedan

2007 Volvo S40 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2004-11 models built after February 2004

Tested vehicle: 2004 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door

The Volvo S40 was redesigned during the 2004 model year (the new design entered production in January 2004 and the earlier design, which is classified as a small car, remained in production into February 2004). Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door. To assure that the S40 is the new design, look for vehicles manufactured in March 2004 or later.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the redesigned 2004 S40 in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Dummy movement was well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head hit only the head restraint, as indicated by smeared greasepaint.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0414
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0414
Head
HIC-15 151
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 38
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.34
Maximum tibia index - right 0.50
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 56

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2005-11 models

Tested vehicle: 2005 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Volvo S40 was redesigned during the 2004 model year (the new design entered production in January 2004 and the earlier design remained in production into February 2004). Beginning with 2005 models, changes were made to the B-pillar trim to improve deployment reliability of the side curtain airbags.

Rating applies to 2005-11 models

Tested vehicle:2005 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door

The Volvo S40 was redesigned during the 2004 model year (the new design entered production in January 2004 and the earlier design remained in production into February 2004). Beginning with 2005 models, changes were made to the B-pillar trim to improve deployment reliability of the side curtain airbags.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Action shot taken during the side impact crash test showing the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0416
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -11.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0416
Head HIC-15 199
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 46
Lateral force (kN) 1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 51
Average deflection (mm) 48
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.69
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.01
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 54
A-P moment (Nm) -23

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0416
Head HIC-15 253
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 32
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.35
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.38
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 2.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 110
A-P moment (Nm) -41

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2004-11 models built after February 2004

Tested vehicle: 2009 Volvo S40 2.4i 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,260 lbs
Peak force 12,786 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 3.92

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2004-11 models

Seat type: All seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 20
Distance below top of head (mm) 35
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 8.3
Head contact time (ms) 84
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 46
Max neck tension (N) 583

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted