2002 Volvo S40

small car / 4-door sedan

2002 Volvo S40 4-door sedan


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test


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Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2002-04 models built before January 2004

Tested vehicle: 2002 Volvo S40 4-door

The Volvo S40 was introduced in the 2000 model year and structurally modified beginning with 2002 models to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy's head tilted outward, brushed the A-pillar, and continued partway out the open side window.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head brushed the A-pillar as it began to rebound from the airbag. Head acceleration from this hit was negligible.

Forces on the lower right leg were high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0124
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 8
Left (cm) 17
Center (cm) 19
Right (cm) 15
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 3
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -6
Rearward (cm) 3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0124
HIC-15 297
Peak gs at hard contact negligible
Tension (kN) 2.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.45
Chest maximum compression (mm) 41
Femur force - left (kN) 3.7
Femur force - right (kN) 3.9
Knee displacement - left (mm) 6
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.44
Maximum tibia index - right 0.89
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 0.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 4.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 76
Right 110

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

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