1994 Volvo 850/S70

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test


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Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 1994-2000 models

Tested vehicle: 1995 Volvo 850 4-door

The Volvo 850 (renamed Volvo S70 in 1998) was introduced in the 1993 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well, although instrument panel and toepan intrusion was more than is desirable.

Moderate intrusion in the driver footwell area didn't cause high forces on the dummy's legs.

Volvo head restraints have consistently surpassed others. They're high enough and close enough to the back of the head for effective protection.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF95005
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 18
Left (cm) 20
Center (cm) 32
Right (cm) 24
Brake pedal (cm) 16
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 4
Rearward (cm) 10
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 7

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF95005
HIC-15 97
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 21
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur force - left (kN) 4.1
Femur force - right (kN) 6.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.68
Maximum tibia index - right 0.71
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 0.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 66
Right 67

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

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