2014 Volkswagen Jetta

midsize car / 4-door sedan

2014 Volkswagen Jetta 4-door sedan
2013 Volkswagen Jetta shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2013-14 models built after October 2012

Tested vehicle: 2012 Volkswagen Jetta S 4-door

The Volkswagen Jetta sedan was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after October 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) The tested 2012 model car was retrofitted by Volkswagen engineers with a new airbag computer identical to that used in the modified production cars.

Note: The ratings do not apply to the station wagon version of the Jetta, known as the Jetta SportWagen, which is built on a platform designed earlier.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 14 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The frontal airbag module also detached from the steering column, which didn't appear to affect the dummy's movement because it occurred relatively late in the crash. Still, such detachments shouldn't occur. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy's head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right. The frontal airbag module detached from the steering column before the crash was finished.

The door hinge pillar and left footrest was pushed back by the wheel and tire (visible at lower left), and this intrusion contributed to a high risk of injury to the left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1233
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 27
Footrest (cm) 19
Left toepan (cm) 9
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 11
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 6
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Upper dash (cm) 15
Lower instrument panel (cm) 18

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1233
Head
HIC-15 191
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.32
Right 0.42
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 6.6
Right 2.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 276
Right 80

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Volkswagen Jetta S 4-door

The Volkswagen Jetta sedan was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Two moderate overlap frontal tests of the Jetta were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Volkswagen as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

These ratings do not apply to the station wagon version of the Jetta, known as the Jetta SportWagen, which is built on a platform designed earlier.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (Institute test car shown).

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the roof rail in the Institute's test.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal in both tests, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1006 CEF1011
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4 8
Left (cm) 9 11
Center (cm) 6 8
Right (cm) 5 5
Brake pedal (cm) 8 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 2
Right (cm) 2 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -3 0
Rearward (cm) -5 -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1006 CEF1011
Head
HIC-15 173 250
Peak gs at hard contact no contact 53
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 25 21
Maximum Nij 0.31 0.50
Chest maximum compression (mm) 33 33
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8 3.7
Femur force - right (kN) 1.5 1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0 6
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2 11
Maximum tibia index - left 0.28 0.40
Maximum tibia index - right 0.49 0.76
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.0 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3 1.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 72 100
Right 124 123

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Volkswagen Jetta TDI 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Volkswagen Jetta sedan was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volkswagen as part of side crash test verification.

Note: The ratings do not apply to the station wagon version of the Jetta, known as the Jetta SportWagen, which is built on a platform designed earlier.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1004
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -13.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1004
Head HIC-15 97
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 43
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 43
Average deflection (mm) 40
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.94
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.98
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 4.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 31
A-P moment (Nm) 149

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1004
Head HIC-15 313
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 42
Average deflection (mm) 40
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.83
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.65
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 59
A-P moment (Nm) 57

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Volkswagen Jetta S 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 2,963 lbs
Peak force 15,859 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.35

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2011-18 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 35
Distance below top of head (mm) 10
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.0
Head contact time (ms) 53
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 38
Max neck tension (N) 491

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted