2005 Volkswagen Jetta

midsize car / 4-door sedan

2005 Volkswagen Jetta 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2005-10 models built after November 2004

Tested vehicle: 2005 Volkswagen Jetta GL 4-door

The Volkswagen Jetta sedan was redesigned during the 2005 model year. The new design entered production in December 2004, and the earlier design, which is classified as a small car, was produced through October 2004. Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door.

The frontal offset crash test ratings also apply to the hatchback version of the Jetta, called the Volkswagen Rabbit for the 2006-09 model years and its restyled successor, the Volkswagen Golf and its sporty variant, the Volkswagen GTI, for the 2010-14 model years. The Rabbit, Golf, and GTI are classified as small cars due their shorter overall lengths and lower weights. The ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Jetta, called the Jetta SportWagen, beginning with 2009 models.

Beginning with the 2011 model year, these ratings do NOT apply to the Volkswagen Jetta sedan, which was redesigned again. Also, the ratings do NOT apply to the Golf and GTI beginning with the 2015 model year. However, the ratings still apply to the Jetta SportWagen, which remains essentially the same as 2009-10 models.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the roof rail during rebound. Head acceleration from this hit was low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal (shown with carpeting removed).

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0505
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 7
Left (cm) 13
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0505
Head
HIC-15 266
Peak gs at hard contact 41
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 30
Maximum Nij 0.50
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.1
Femur force - right (kN) 4.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.53
Maximum tibia index - right 0.85
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 3.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 6.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 89
Right 144

Rating applies to 1999-2005 models built before November 2004

Tested vehicle: 1999 Volkswagen Jetta GLS 4-door

The Volkswagen Jetta and Golf were redesigned during the 1999 model year (the old design continued into the early part of the 1999 model year). The Jetta continued in production through 2005 models manufactured until the end of October 2004 (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). A redesigned 2005 Jetta was introduced in March 2005 as a midsize car. The Golf redesign will be delayed until late in the 2006 model year.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a late 1999 model Jetta in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier. Note: Immediately after the test, there was a small fire at the base of the B-pillar. The pyrotechnic device in the belt tensioner had ignited sound insulation material. Soon after this incident, the manufacturer recalled all 1999 Jetta/Golf models to fix this problem, so it doesn't affect the crashworthiness evaluation.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

Little damage occurred in a 5 mph rear-into-pole impact.

Footwell intrusion was minimal to moderate in the offset test.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF99001
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 17
Left (cm) 25
Center (cm) 21
Right (cm) 13
Brake pedal (cm) 12
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3
Rearward (cm) 6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF99001
Head
HIC-15 140
Peak gs at hard contact 49
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 32
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 4.9
Femur force - right (kN) 2.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 4
Maximum tibia index - left 0.76
Maximum tibia index - right 0.70
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 0.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 60
Right 86

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2005-10 models built after November 2004

Tested vehicle: 2005 Volkswagen Jetta GL 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Volkswagen Jetta sedan was redesigned during the 2005 model year. The new design entered production in December 2004, and the earlier design, which is classified as a small car, was produced through October 2004. Note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door.

The frontal offset crash test ratings also apply to the hatchback version of the Jetta, called the Volkswagen Rabbit for the 2006-09 model years and its restyled successor, the Volkswagen Golf and its sporty variant, the Volkswagen GTI, for the 2010-14 model years. The Rabbit, Golf, and GTI are classified as small cars due their shorter overall lengths and lower weights. The ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Jetta, called the Jetta SportWagen, beginning with 2009 models.

Beginning with the 2011 model year, these ratings do NOT apply to the Volkswagen Jetta sedan, which was redesigned again. Also, the ratings do NOT apply to the Golf and GTI beginning with the 2015 model year. However, the ratings still apply to the Jetta Sportwagen, which remains essentially the same as 2009-10 models.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Action shot taken during the side impact crash test showing the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0506
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0506
Head HIC-15 302
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 36
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.04
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.62
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 88
A-P moment (Nm) 32

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0506
Head HIC-15 134
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 42
Lateral force (kN) 2.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.53
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.55
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0
Combined force (kN) 3.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 2.2
L-M moment (Nm) 148
A-P moment (Nm) -46

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2005-10 models built after November 2004

Tested vehicle: 2009 Volkswagen Jetta S 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,158 lbs
Peak force 15,867 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.02

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2005-06 models built after November 2004

Seat type: All seats AHR manufactured after Nov 2004

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats AHR manufactured after Nov 2004
Geometry
Backset (mm) 55
Distance below top of head (mm) 38
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.4
Head contact time (ms) 66
Force rating 2
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 139
Max neck tension (N) 579

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted