2015 Volkswagen Beetle

small car / 2-door hatchback

2015 Volkswagen Beetle 2-door hatchback
2013 Volkswagen Beetle shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2013-19 models built after March 2013

Tested vehicle: 2013 Volkswagen Beetle 2-door

The Volkswagen Beetle was redesigned for the 2012 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Beginning with 2013 models built after March 2013, the side airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes. Also, the door and B-pillar structure was modified to improve occupant protection. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 12 cm to the right. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso, contributing to the head hitting the instrument panel. The seat-mounted combination head/torso side airbag did not deploy, despite the reprogramming, leaving the dummy's head vulnerable to contacts with side structure and outside objects.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

During the crash, the dummy's head and torso barely contacted the airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right. Additionally, the seat belt allowed the dummy to move too far forward, as is evident from the gap between the dummy's torso and the seat back, and the head hit the instrument panel.

Intrusion into the driver's space was reasonably well controlled, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1316
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 17
Footrest (cm) 11
Left toepan (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 9
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 11
Lower instrument panel (cm) 10

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1316
Head
HIC-15 293
Peak gs at hard contact not meas.
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 2.2
Right 1.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.53
Right 0.55
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 94
Right 79

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2012-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Volkswagen Beetle 2-door

The Volkswagen Beetle was redesigned for the 2012 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Volkswagen as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1120
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1120
Head
HIC-15 256
Peak gs at hard contact 25
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 31
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.5
Femur force - right (kN) 2.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 9
Maximum tibia index - left 0.40
Maximum tibia index - right 0.76
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 78
Right 183

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-19 models built after March 2013

Tested vehicle: 2013 Volkswagen Beetle 2-door with standard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags

The Volkswagen Beetle was redesigned for the 2012 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Beginning with 2013 models built after March 2013, the door and B-pillar structure was modified to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) The tested car was built after the modifications were made.

Rating applies to 2013-19 models built after March 2013

Tested vehicle:2013 Volkswagen Beetle 2-door

The Volkswagen Beetle was redesigned for the 2012 model year after a one-year absence from the market. Beginning with 2013 models built after March 2013, the door and B-pillar structure was modified to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) The tested car was built after the modifications were made.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
The dummy's head was hit by the window sill and then by the pillar behind the window. According to Volkswagen, both surfaces satisfy the federal standard to provide some protection for occupants' heads.

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with the door removed, showing the side airbag and damage to the occupant compartment.

The dummy’s head was protected from being hit by any hard structures, including the intruding barrier, by a side airbag that deployed from the seat.

Smeared yellow and red greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head was hit by the window sill.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1305
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1305
Head HIC-15 382
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 45
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 41
Average deflection (mm) 35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.08
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.56
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.8
Combined force (kN) 3.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 195
A-P moment (Nm) 55

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1305
Head HIC-15 393
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 33
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 7.36
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.11
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 126
A-P moment (Nm) -69

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2012-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Volkswagen Beetle 2-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,024 lbs
Peak force 16,594 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.49

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2012-19 models

Seat type: Manual leatherette seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual leatherette seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 38
Distance below top of head (mm) 34
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.2
Head contact time (ms) 54
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 51
Max neck tension (N) 265

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted