2016 Toyota Tundra

large pickup / Crew cab pickup

2016 Toyota Tundra Crew cab pickup

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention
Not available

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Tundra SR5 CrewMax 2wd

The Toyota Tundra CrewMax was redesigned for the 2007 model year. Beginning with 2010 models, the driver and passenger frontal airbags and front seat belts were modified and knee airbags for the driver and front passenger were added. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap and moderate overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion of the door hinge pillar, toepan, and instrument panel contributed to a high risk of injury to the left lower leg, a significant risk to the left foot, and a moderate risk to the right lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1606
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 26
Footrest (cm) 36
Left toepan (cm) 30
Brake pedal (cm) 26
Parking brake (cm) 25
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 6
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 22
Upper dash (cm) 13
Lower instrument panel (cm) 15

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1606
Head
HIC-15 103
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 3.8
Right 2.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.39
Right 0.55
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 7.6
Right 4.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 242
Right 119

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Tested vehicle: 2019 Toyota Tundra SR5 CrewMax 2wd

The Toyota Tundra CrewMax was redesigned for the 2007 model year. Beginning with 2010 models, the driver and passenger frontal airbags and front seat belts were modified and knee airbags for the driver and front passenger were added. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap and moderate overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was reasonably well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with typical side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed. However, the A-pillar intruded into the passenger space to the extent that the dummy's head hit the attached grab handle during the crash.
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked reasonably well together, but smeared pink and red greasepaint shows where the dummy's head hit the intruding A-pillar grab handle.

Extensive intrusion of the dashboard, toepan, and door hinge pillar contributed to a likely risk of injury to the right lower leg and a significant risk to the right hip.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1823
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 32
Footrest (cm) 37
Right toepan (cm) 29
Center toepan (cm) 21
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 8
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 16
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 28
Upper dash (cm) 23
Right lower dash (cm) 21

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1823
Head
HIC-15 69
Peak gs at hard contact 33
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 6.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 6
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 20
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.49
Right 1.28
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.8
Right 5.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 61
Right 60

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1823
Head
HIC-15 63
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.17
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.20
Right 0.38
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 34
Right 53

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Tundra SR5 CrewMax 2wd

The Toyota Tundra CrewMax was redesigned for the 2007 model year. Beginning with 2010 models, the driver and passenger frontal airbags and front seat belts were modified and knee airbags for the driver and front passenger were added. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap and moderate overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag during rebound.

Forces on the right foot were sufficiently high to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1602
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 11
Left (cm) 10
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 12
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -8
Rearward (cm) 1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1602
Head
HIC-15 210
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.7
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.63
Maximum tibia index - right 0.63
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 84
Right 218

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Tundra SR5 CrewMax 2wd

The Toyota Tundra CrewMax was redesigned for the 2007 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain and side torso airbags as well as the front seat structure were modified to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1606
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -19.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1606
Head HIC-15 64
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 22
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.05
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.22
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.1
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 86
A-P moment (Nm) -12

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1606
Head HIC-15 68
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 15
Lateral force (kN) 0.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 16
Average deflection (mm) 9
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.28
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.12
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.0
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 35
A-P moment (Nm) 21

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2007-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Tundra SR5 CrewMax 2wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 5,432 lbs
Peak force 21,384 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 3.94

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 30
Distance below top of head (mm) 26
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.3
Head contact time (ms) 58
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 410

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the left side of the road and inadequate on the right side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 72.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 49.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 47.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 44.9 m 8.0 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 39.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.3 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 146.5 m
Straightaway left edge 127.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 52.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 56.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 40.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.6 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-19 models built after April 2016

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SR5 CrewMax
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SR5 CrewMax
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 80
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 15
Clearance angle (degrees) 70
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 8
Clearance angle (degrees) 82
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 81
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Applies to 2016 models built before May 2016

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SR5 CrewMax
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SR5 CrewMax
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 35
Clearance angle (degrees) 80
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 81
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 82
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated