2009 Toyota Tacoma

small pickup / Extended cab pickup

2009 Toyota Tacoma Extended cab pickup
2005 Toyota Tacoma shown


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test
Head restraints & seats


  • G
  • A
  • M
  • P
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2005-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2006 Toyota Tacoma TRD Sport Double Cab long bed 2wd

The Toyota Tacoma was redesigned for the 2005 model year. Two tests of the Tacoma were conducted, one by the Institute of a 2005 model 2wd Access Cab and the other by Toyota of a 2006 model 2wd Double Cab as part of frontal crash test verification. The overall rating of Good is based on review of both tests, which independently result in overall ratings of Good. The ratings and vehicle specifications based on Toyota's test are listed because the 2wd Double Cab is similar to the crew cab configuration of other pickups tested more recently.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (Institute test vehicle shown).

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy’s head hit the roof rail and head restraint during rebound in the Institute's test. Head accelerations from these hits were low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal in both tests, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0510 VTF0806
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 11 8
Left (cm) 11 11
Center (cm) 11 10
Right (cm) 11 9
Brake pedal (cm) 6 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 -1
Right (cm) 2 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2 1
Rearward (cm) -4 -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0510 VTF0806
HIC-15 527 283
Peak gs at hard contact 89 no contact
Tension (kN) 1.9 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 38 14
Maximum Nij 0.39 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23 26
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 0.2 0.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.44 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7 2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 89 68
Right 56 86

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Manual cloth bucket seats AHR

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth bucket seats AHR
Backset (mm) 14
Distance below top of head (mm) 24
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.7
Head contact time (ms) 59
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 496

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

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