2019 Toyota Tacoma

small pickup / Crew cab pickup

2019 Toyota Tacoma Crew cab pickup

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Toyota Tacoma SR5 Double Cab 2wd

The Toyota Tacoma Double Cab was re-engineered and restyled for the 2016 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Although intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, forces on the dummy's left lower leg were high enough to indicate a moderate risk of injury.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1638
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 12
Left toepan (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 8
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 5
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1638
Head
HIC-15 292
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 2.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 10
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.62
Right 0.78
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 5.5
Right 4.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 91
Right 105

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Toyota Tacoma SR5 Double Cab 2wd

The Toyota Tacoma Double Cab was re-engineered and restyled for the 2016 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s movement was reasonably well controlled. The dummy’s head loaded the frontal airbag, which stayed in front of the dummy until rebound. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with typical side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed. However, the grab handle on the A-pillar protrudes so far into the path of the dummy's head that the rear of the head hit it.
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger’s survival space was maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked reasonably well together, but smeared greasepaint shows where the rear of the dummy's head hit the protruding A-pillar grab handle.

Although intrusion overall into the passenger's space was low, the unusual intrusion pattern of the footwell contributed to a likely risk of injury to the right lower leg and a moderate risk to the right foot.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1824
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 11
Footrest (cm) 17
Right toepan (cm) 15
Center toepan (cm) 11
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 8
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 4
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 6
Right lower dash (cm) 7

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1824
Head
HIC-15 336
Peak gs at hard contact 63
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 19
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm) 10
Femur (kN)
Left 2.5
Right 4.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 8
Right 12
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 2
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.65
Right 1.50
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 10.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 68
Right 197

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1824
Head
HIC-15 109
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 1.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 3
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.47
Right 0.49
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 29
Right 59

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Tacoma SR5 Double Cab 4wd

The Toyota Tacoma Double Cab was re-engineered and restyled for the 2016 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1513
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 8
Left (cm) 10
Center (cm) 10
Right (cm) 9
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 5
Rearward (cm) 6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1513
Head
HIC-15 337
Peak gs at hard contact 80
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.2
Femur force - right (kN) 1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.28
Maximum tibia index - right 0.44
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 3.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 103

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Tacoma SR5 Double Cab 4wd

The Toyota Tacoma Double Cab was re-engineered and restyled for the 2016 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle:2016 Toyota Tacoma SR5 Double Cab 4wd

The Toyota Tacoma Double Cab was re-engineered and restyled for the 2016 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1512
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1512
Head HIC-15 137
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 22
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.99
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.37
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 3.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 66
A-P moment (Nm) -28

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1512
Head HIC-15 111
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 31
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 45
Average deflection (mm) 36
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.11
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.75
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 107
A-P moment (Nm) 26

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Toyota Tacoma SR5 Double Cab 2wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,170 lbs
Peak force 17,213 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.13

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) 30
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.2
Head contact time (ms) 53
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 398

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

System details

  • Standard Pedestrian Pre-Collision System

Package name

  • Standard Toyota Safety Sense P

Applies to 2018-19 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2018-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 68.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 40.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 50.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 41.9 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 40.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 37.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 142.6 m
Straightaway left edge 118.9 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 68.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 63.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 51.8 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SR5
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 27
Clearance angle (degrees) 73
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 12
Clearance angle (degrees) 65
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 15
Clearance angle (degrees) 72
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 72
Tether anchor
Location Back wall
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated