Top Safety Pick

2009 Toyota Tacoma

small pickup / Crew cab pickup

2009 Toyota Tacoma Crew cab pickup
2008 Toyota Tacoma shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2005-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2006 Toyota Tacoma TRD Sport Double Cab long bed 2wd

The Toyota Tacoma was redesigned for the 2005 model year. Two tests of the Tacoma were conducted, one by the Institute of a 2005 model 2wd Access Cab and the other by Toyota of a 2006 model 2wd Double Cab as part of frontal crash test verification. The overall rating of Good is based on review of both tests, which independently result in overall ratings of Good. The ratings and vehicle specifications based on Toyota's test are listed because the 2wd Double Cab is similar to the crew cab configuration of other pickups tested more recently.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (Institute test vehicle shown).

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy’s head hit the roof rail and head restraint during rebound in the Institute's test. Head accelerations from these hits were low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal in both tests, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0510 VTF0806
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 11 8
Left (cm) 11 11
Center (cm) 11 10
Right (cm) 11 9
Brake pedal (cm) 6 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1 -1
Right (cm) 2 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -2 1
Rearward (cm) -4 -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0510 VTF0806
Head
HIC-15 527 283
Peak gs at hard contact 89 no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.9 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 38 14
Maximum Nij 0.39 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 0.2 0.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.35 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.44 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7 2.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 89 68
Right 56 86

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2009-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2008 Toyota Tacoma PreRunner Double Cab 2wd with optional front and rear head curtain airbags and optional front seat-mounted side torso airbags

The Toyota Tacoma was redesigned for the 2005 model year. Side airbags became standard in all models beginning with the 2009 model year (they had been optional in Double Cab models in 2005-08).

Rating applies to 2009-14 models

Tested vehicle:2008 Toyota Tacoma PreRunner Double Cab 2wd

The Toyota Tacoma was redesigned for the 2005 model year. Side airbags became standard in all models beginning with the 2009 model year (they had been optional in Double Cab models in 2005-08).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbags.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0818
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -11.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0818
Head HIC-15 77
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 25
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.81
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 3.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.5
Combined force (kN) 5.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 65
A-P moment (Nm) 43

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0818
Head HIC-15 176
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 37
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.93
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 3.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1
L-M moment (Nm) 104
A-P moment (Nm) -45

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2005-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Toyota Tacoma PreRunner Double Cab 2wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,922 lbs
Peak force 12,074 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 3.08

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2009-15 models

Seat type: Manual cloth bucket seats AHR

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth bucket seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 14
Distance below top of head (mm) 24
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 15.7
Head contact time (ms) 59
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 496

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted