Top Safety Pick

2021 Toyota RAV4 Prime

small SUV / 4-door SUV

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights

2021 Toyota RAV4 Prime 4-door SUV
Photo courtesy of Toyota Motor North America

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/ option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use
+

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Toyota RAV4 Prime SE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota RAV4 Prime, a plug-in hybrid variant of the Toyota RAV4, was introduced in the 2021 model year. Driver-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2021 RAV4 Prime conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTN2008
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Footrest (cm) 3
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Upper dash (cm) 4
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTN2008
Head
HIC-15 110
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 0.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.53
Right 0.48
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.2
Right 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 41
Right 46

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Toyota Rav4 Prime SE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota RAV4 Prime, a plug-in hybrid variant of the Toyota RAV4, was introduced in the 2021 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2021 RAV4 Prime conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2008
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Footrest (cm) 4
Right toepan (cm) 4
Center toepan (cm) 3
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 7
Upper dash (cm) 5
Right lower dash (cm) 5

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2008
Head
HIC-15 86
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 23
Maximum Nij 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 2.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.43
Right 0.41
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 92
Right 65

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2008
Head
HIC-15 53
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 0.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.34
Right 0.27
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 64

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Toyota RAV4 Prime SE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota RAV4 Prime, a plug-in hybrid variant of the Toyota RAV4, was introduced in the 2021 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2021 RAV4 Prime conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2008
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 4
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2008
Head
HIC-15 155
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 23
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.0
Femur force - right (kN) 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 4
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.37
Maximum tibia index - right 0.36
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.7
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 46
Right 100

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2021 Toyota RAV4 Prime SE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota RAV4 Prime, a plug-in hybrid variant of the Toyota RAV4, was introduced in the 2021 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2021 RAV4 Prime conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2007
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -20.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2007
Head HIC-15 135
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 17
Lateral force (kN) 1.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.18
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 2.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 78
A-P moment (Nm) -23

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2007
Head HIC-15 60
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 18
Lateral force (kN) 0.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 16
Average deflection (mm) 14
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.13
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 62
A-P moment (Nm) -19

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2021 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Toyota RAV4 LE 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,500 lbs
Peak force 21,009 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 6.00

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Manual cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 18
Distance below top of head (mm) 11
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.2
Head contact time (ms) 57
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 231

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Toyota Safety Sense 2.0: Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2021 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian

Trim level(s)

  • Standard All trims

System details

  • Pedestrian Pre-Collision System

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2021 models

Superior
Superior
Average speed reduction
12 mph test 25 mph test
Crossing child 12 mph 25 mph
Crossing adult 12 mph 25 mph
Average speed reduction
25 mph test 37 mph test
Parallel adult 25 mph 23 mph
Warning time:
1.5 seconds

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • XSE trim equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the gradual left curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • XSE trim equipped with Premium package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2021 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 114.1 m None
Straightaway left edge 63.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 98.6 m 18.8 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.7 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 80.0 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 62.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 147.3 m
Straightaway left edge 113.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 91.8 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 74.0 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 72.9 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.9 m

Trim level(s)

  • SE trim
  • XSE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and sharp left curves, and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on the gradual left curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • SE trim
  • XSE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2021 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 112.2 m 30.0 %
Straightaway left edge 54.8 m 30.0 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.9 m 22.7 %
250m radius left curve, right edge 53.8 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.8 m 24.8 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 120.7 m
Straightaway left edge 116.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 60.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.5 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2021 models

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim LE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim LE
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 8
Clearance angle (degrees) 92
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 9
Clearance angle (degrees) 89
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 8
Clearance angle (degrees) 90
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 8
Clearance angle (degrees) 93
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated