1996 Toyota RAV4

small SUV / 4-door SUV


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test


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Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 1996-2000 models

Tested vehicle: 1998 Toyota RAV4 4-door 4wd util.

The Toyota RAV4 was introduced in the 1996 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel. During rebound, the dummy moved toward the driver door, and its head hit the B-pillar. The dummy's right knee also hit a metal flange under the steering column, which punctured the vinyl "skin" at the knee.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Paint smears indicate where the dummy's knees and shins hit the knee bolster. Steering column movement exposed the metal support that's normally covered by plastic trim.

White paint on the B-pillar indicates where the dummy's head hit, producing moderately high head acceleration.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF98014
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 14
Left (cm) 26
Center (cm) 24
Right (cm) 18
Brake pedal (cm) 29
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 4
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 11
Rearward (cm) 4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF98014
HIC-15 407
Peak gs at hard contact 80
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 26
Maximum Nij 0.42
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur force - left (kN) 3.2
Femur force - right (kN) 3.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 4
Maximum tibia index - left 1.48
Maximum tibia index - right 0.71
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 88
Right 106

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

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