Top Safety Pick +

2016 Toyota Prius v

midsize car / 4-door wagon

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

2016 Toyota Prius v 4-door wagon

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/ option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Optional system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2015-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Toyota Prius v Two wagon

The Toyota Prius v was introduced in the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2015 models, the front structure, A-pillar, door sill, and hinge pillar were modified and the side curtain airbags were lengthened to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1452
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 5
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1452
Head
HIC-15 193
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 2.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 7
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.73
Right 0.79
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 2.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 52
Right 54

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2012-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Toyota Prius v wagon

The Toyota Prius v wagon was introduced in the 2012 model year. It is derived from the Toyota Prius but is longer and taller to provide more rear seat room and cargo-carrying capacity. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1107
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 14
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 6
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1107
Head
HIC-15 210
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.9
Femur force - right (kN) 2.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.39
Maximum tibia index - right 0.43
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 66
Right 65

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Toyota Prius v Three wagon with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota Prius v wagon was introduced in the 2012 model year. It is derived from the Toyota Prius but is longer and taller to provide more rear seat room and cargo-carrying capacity. Beginning with 2013 models, design changes were made to the front and rear door trim panels to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Two tests of the Prius v were conducted, one of a 2012 model by the Institute and the other representing a 2013 model by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structure ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests. (The car tested by Toyota was designated as a 2012 model but included the front and rear door trim changes of the 2013 models.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
The dummy's head pushed past the side curtain airbag and was hit by the window frame of the passenger door. This impact did not produce high head injury measures, but the head protection is inadequate.
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1117 VTS1221
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -10.5 -11.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1221
Head HIC-15 457
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 51
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.40
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.67
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1
Combined force (kN) 4.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 57
A-P moment (Nm) -39

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1221
Head HIC-15 86
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 25
Average deflection (mm) 19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.39
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.30
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.7
L-M moment (Nm) 70
A-P moment (Nm) 125

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2012-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Toyota Prius v Two wagon

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,274 lbs
Peak force 14,180 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.33

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Manual cloth seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 27
Distance below top of head (mm) 32
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.3
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 407

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision System

Package name

  • Optional Limited Advanced Technology Package

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2015-17 models

Advanced
Advanced
with optional equipment
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 9 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Five trim equipped with Advanced Technology package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp right curve, fair on the gradual right and sharp left curves, and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway, on both left curves and on the gradual right curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Five trim equipped with Advanced Technology package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 117.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 52.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.8 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 50.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 55.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 156.9 m
Straightaway left edge 154.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 67.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.6 m

Trim level(s)

  • Five trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp right curve, fair on the gradual right and sharp left curves, and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and gradual left curves and inadequate on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Five trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 117.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 52.7 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.8 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 50.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 55.4 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 156.9 m
Straightaway left edge 154.7 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 67.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 53.6 m

Trim level(s)

  • Two trim
  • Three trim
  • Four trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Two trim
  • Three trim
  • Four trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 71.2 m None
Straightaway left edge 32.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.8 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 35.8 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 44.8 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 31.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 168.6 m
Straightaway left edge 154.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 67.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.1 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.4 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-17 models built after January 2016

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Two
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Two
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 81
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 82
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 86
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 83
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Applies to 2016-17 models built after January 2016

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Five
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Five
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 85
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 87
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Applies to 2016 models built before February 2016

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Two
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Two
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 81
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 82
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 86
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 83
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Applies to 2016 models built before February 2016

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Five
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Five
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
hard-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 85
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 87
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Bottom seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated