1995 Toyota Previa

minivan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 1994-97 models

Tested vehicle: 1996 Toyota Previa DX S/C passenger van

The Toyota Previa was introduced in the 1991 model year. Frontal airbags for both the driver and passenger became standard beginning with the 1994 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement wasn't well controlled. Special stitching on the lap belt tore, lengthening the belt. This allowed the dummy to finish partially reclining with the belt up over its abdomen. The stitching is designed to tear and control occupant movement in some crashes but contributed to poor dummy kinematics in this case.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

Post-crash damage shot.

Excessive safety belt slack allowed the dummy to submarine under it during the offset test. The dummy ended up after the impact in a partially reclining position.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF96022
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 22
Left (cm) 25
Center (cm) 26
Right (cm) 29
Brake pedal (cm) 27
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 8
Right (cm) 12
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 17
Rearward (cm) 8
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF96022
Head
HIC-15 552
Peak gs at hard contact 91
Neck
Tension (kN) 3.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 41
Maximum Nij 0.65
Chest maximum compression (mm) 43
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 3.3
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 1.01
Maximum tibia index - right 1.22
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 99
Right 80

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted