Top Safety Pick

2018 Toyota Highlander

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

2018 Toyota Highlander 4-door SUV

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Toyota Highlander LE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Beginning with 2016 models, the driver-side A-pillar, door sill, and door internal structure were reinforced to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Despite considerable intrusion of the lower portion of the door hinge pillar, risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1605
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 24
Footrest (cm) 14
Left toepan (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm) 23
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 6
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Upper dash (cm) 13
Lower instrument panel (cm) 11

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1605
Head
HIC-15 65
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.18
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 2.8
Right 1.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 7
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.52
Right 0.36
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.2
Right 1.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 69
Right 42

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Tested vehicle: 2018 Toyota Highlander LE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Although Toyota reinforced the structure starting with the 2016 model year on the driver side to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes, no such changes were made on the passenger side.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Despite intrusion of the dashboard and door hinge pillar, risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1810
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 29
Footrest (cm) 19
Right toepan (cm) 11
Center toepan (cm) 3
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 10
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 9
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Upper dash (cm) 15
Right lower dash (cm) 14

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1810
Head
HIC-15 118
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 18
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 3.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 10
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.48
Right 0.74
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 63
Right 53

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1810
Head
HIC-15 45
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Femur (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.37
Right 0.37
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 40
Right 37

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1318
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 6
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1318
Head
HIC-15 213
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.6
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 4
Maximum tibia index - left 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 63
Right 99

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander XLE 4-door 4wd with standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1311
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -18.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1311
Head HIC-15 167
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.31
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 49
A-P moment (Nm) 42

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1311
Head HIC-15 63
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 24
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.76
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.27
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 68
A-P moment (Nm) -40

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,414 lbs
Peak force 23,836 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.40

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 16
Distance below top of head (mm) 2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.9
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 335

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2017-19 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 24 mph.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • LE trim
  • LE Plus trim
  • XLE trim
  • SE trim
  • Limited trim
  • Hybrid LE trim
  • Hybrid XLE trim
  • Hybrid Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • LE trim
  • LE Plus trim
  • XLE trim
  • SE trim
  • Limited trim
  • Hybrid LE trim
  • Hybrid XLE trim
  • Hybrid Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 88.5 m None
Straightaway left edge 53.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 51.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 45.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 42.6 m 7.3 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 38.8 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 169.6 m
Straightaway left edge 151.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 63.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 49.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 48.1 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim LE Plus
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 2 additional seating positions with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim LE Plus
Seat type cloth
1 2 3 6 4 5
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
5
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 5
Clearance angle (degrees) 88
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 8
Clearance angle (degrees) 85
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 6
Clearance angle (degrees) 91
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 4
Clearance angle (degrees) 87
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 32

5

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated