Top Safety Pick +

2015 Toyota Highlander

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

2015 Toyota Highlander 4-door SUV
2014 Toyota Highlander shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Optional system
Advanced

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well.

During the crash, the dummy's head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off to the left. The side curtain airbag did extend far enough forward toward the A-pillar to protect the head from contact with forward side structure.

Despite considerable intrusion of the parking brake pedal (see arrow) and door sill and hinge pillar, risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1348
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 19
Footrest (cm) 13
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm) 23
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 13
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Upper dash (cm) 12
Lower instrument panel (cm) 11

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1348
Head
HIC-15 99
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 2.6
Right 0.9
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.69
Right 0.40
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.2
Right 1.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 55
Right 37

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Tested vehicle: 2018 Toyota Highlander LE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Although Toyota reinforced the structure starting with the 2016 model year on the driver side to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes, no such changes were made on the passenger side.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the passenger-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame and dashboard after the crash test indicates that the passenger's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Despite intrusion of the dashboard and door hinge pillar, risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID CEP1810
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 29
Footrest (cm) 19
Right toepan (cm) 11
Center toepan (cm) 3
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 10
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 9
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Upper dash (cm) 15
Right lower dash (cm) 14

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CEP1810
Head
HIC-15 118
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 18
Femur (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 3.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 5
Right 10
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.48
Right 0.74
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.1
Right 0.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 63
Right 53

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEP1810
Head
HIC-15 45
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Femur (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.37
Right 0.37
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.3
Right 0.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 40
Right 37

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1318
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 6
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1318
Head
HIC-15 213
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.6
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 4
Maximum tibia index - left 0.46
Maximum tibia index - right 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 63
Right 99

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander XLE 4-door 4wd with standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2014 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1311
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -18.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1311
Head HIC-15 167
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.31
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 49
A-P moment (Nm) 42

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1311
Head HIC-15 63
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 24
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.76
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.27
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 68
A-P moment (Nm) -40

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota Highlander LE Plus 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,414 lbs
Peak force 23,836 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.40

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 16
Distance below top of head (mm) 2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.9
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 335

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Optional Pre-Collision System

Package name

  • Optional Advanced Technology Package

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2014-16 models

Advanced
Advanced
with optional equipment
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 7 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 6 mph.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2015-16 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim LE Plus
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 2 additional seating positions with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim LE Plus
Seat type cloth
1 2 3 6 4 5
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
5
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 12
Clearance angle (degrees) 67
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 12
Clearance angle (degrees) 64
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 17
Clearance angle (degrees) 52
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 10
Clearance angle (degrees) 50
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 32

5

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated