Top Safety Pick

2009 Toyota Highlander

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

2009 Toyota Highlander 4-door SUV
2008 Toyota Highlander shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Other available safety features

  • Optional daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2008-13 models

Tested vehicle: 2008 Toyota Highlander Limited 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0708
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 8
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -4
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0708
Head
HIC-15 217
Peak gs at hard contact 77
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.6
Extension bending moment (Nm) 34
Maximum Nij 0.29
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.7
Femur force - right (kN) 2.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.53
Maximum tibia index - right 0.40
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 95
Right 50

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2008-13 models

Tested vehicle: 2008 Toyota Highlander 4-door 4wd with head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota Highlander was redesigned for the 2008 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0737
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -17.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0737
Head HIC-15 129
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 45
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.99
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.71
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 38
A-P moment (Nm) -34

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0737
Head HIC-15 64
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 32
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 19
Average deflection (mm) 14
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.77
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.15
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.9
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 65
A-P moment (Nm) 31

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2008-13 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Toyota Highlander 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,325 lbs
Peak force 20,511 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.74

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2008-13 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats AHR

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 38
Distance below top of head (mm) 42
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.6
Head contact time (ms) 65
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 487

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted