Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2024 Toyota Crown

large car / 4-door sedan

2024 Toyota Crown 4-door sedan
2023 Toyota Crown shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Superior

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use
+

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Standard blind spot detection
  • Standard lane departure warning
  • Standard lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Toyota Crown XLE 4-door

The Toyota Crown was reintroduced for the 2023 model year after a 51-year absence from the US market.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN2302
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN2302
Head
HIC-15 100
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 1.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.33
Right 0.35
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 48
Right 31

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Toyota Crown XLE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Crown was reintroduced for the 2023 model year after a 51-year absence from the market. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 Crown conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2308
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 9
Right toepan (cm) 9
Center toepan (cm) 4
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 1

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2308
Head
HIC-15 94
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Extension bending moment (Nm) 14
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 2.4
Right 1.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.48
Right 0.60
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.7
Right 2.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50
Right 153

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2308
Head
HIC-15 68
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 6
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 1.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.46
Right 0.51
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 41
Right 46

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Toyota Crown XLE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Crown was reintroduced for the 2023 model year after a 51-year absence from the market. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 Crown conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2308
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 7
Right (cm) 10
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2308
Head
HIC-15 262
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.7
Femur force - right (kN) 1.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.31
Maximum tibia index - right 0.62
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 51
Right 62

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Toyota Crown XLE 4-door 4wd

The Toyota Crown was reintroduced for the 2023 model year after a 51-year absence from the market. Side 2.0 ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 Crown conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2336
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2336
Head
HIC-15 132
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 21
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 39
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.27
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.46
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.8

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2336
Head
HIC-15 220
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 26
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 37
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.51
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.59
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.4

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Limited trim
  • Platinum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on the sharp left and both right curves and fair on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim
  • Platinum trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 90.1 m None
Straightaway left edge 55.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 70.0 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.3 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 57.9 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 57.3 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 170.8 m
Straightaway left edge 152.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 83.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 75.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.0 m

Trim level(s)

  • XLE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the left side of the road and fair on the right side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves, fair on the sharp left curve and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and both right curves and fair on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • XLE trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2023-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 84.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 56.1 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 76.4 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 50.4 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.6 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.3 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 138.0 m
Straightaway left edge 134.2 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.1 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 80.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 65.3 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.8 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

System details

  • standard Toyota Safety Sense 3.0 Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

This rating applies to all 2023-24 models

Superior
Superior

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision. A warning was issued 2.2 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

System details

  • standard Toyota Safety Sense 3.0 Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

Includes high-beam assist credit

This rating applies to 2023-24 models of the following trim lines: XLE trim
Superior
Superior

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2.4 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision and a warning was issued 1.8 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 60 seconds
Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 30 seconds
Volume
Audio frequency
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 50 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 80 dB
Difference between background and signal 30.5 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 55 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 81 dB
Difference between background and signal 26.0 dB
Dominant audio frequency 1370 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim XLE
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim XLE
Seat type cloth
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 92
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 89
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 91
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 93
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated