Top Safety Pick

2009 Toyota Avalon

large car / 4-door sedan

2009 Toyota Avalon 4-door sedan
2006 Toyota Avalon shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Head restraints & seats

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2005-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2005 Toyota Avalon XLS 4-door

The Toyota Avalon was redesigned for the 2005 model year and mildly restyled for the 2011 model year. Its size and weight were increased sufficiently to reclassify it as a large family car beginning with the 2005 models. (Earlier models were classified as midsize moderately priced cars.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the roof rail, grab handle, and head restraint during rebound. Head accelerations from these hits were low.

The Avalon features an airbag that deploys from the knee bolster underneath the steering wheel. The dummy's knees and shins hit this airbag as indicated by smeared greasepaint. Forces on the right knee were high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0515
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0515
Head
HIC-15 166
Peak gs at hard contact 25
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 5
Knee displacement - right (mm) 13
Maximum tibia index - left 0.71
Maximum tibia index - right 0.72
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 59
Right 65

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2005-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2006 Toyota Avalon XL 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota Avalon was redesigned for the 2005 model year and mildly restyled for the 2011 model year. Its size and weight were increased sufficiently to reclassify it as a large family car beginning with the 2005 models. (Earlier models were classified as midsize moderately priced cars.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0617
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -9.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0617
Head HIC-15 350
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 50
Lateral force (kN) 2.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 40
Average deflection (mm) 35
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.76
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.62
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.3
Combined force (kN) 4.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 105
A-P moment (Nm) 53

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0617
Head HIC-15 207
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 42
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 45
Average deflection (mm) 32
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.97
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.89
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 3.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1
L-M moment (Nm) 116
A-P moment (Nm) 30

How the side crash test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power Leather Seat (AHR)

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power Leather Seat (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm) 50
Distance below top of head (mm) 44
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 13.6
Head contact time (ms) 64
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 61
Max neck tension (N) 515

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted