1999 Toyota Avalon

midsize car / 4-door sedan

1999 Toyota Avalon 4-door sedan
1998 Toyota Avalon shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 1998-99 models

Tested vehicle: 1998 Toyota Avalon XLS 4-door

The Toyota Avalon was introduced in the 1995 model year and was structurally modified beginning with 1998 models to improve performance in frontal offset crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well, although there was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Intrusion into the driver footwell area contributed to the likelihood of injury to the left lower leg.

The steering wheel moved too far upward during the crash test, which could compromise restraint system performance.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF97023
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 12
Left (cm) 27
Center (cm) 25
Right (cm) 17
Brake pedal (cm) 20
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 4
Right (cm) 6
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 13
Rearward (cm) 4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF97023
Head
HIC-15 204
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 35
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.6
Femur force - right (kN) 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 1.21
Maximum tibia index - right 0.46
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 75
Right 108

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted