1998 Toyota Avalon

midsize car / 4-door sedan

1998 Toyota Avalon 4-door sedan


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test


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Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 1998-99 models

Tested vehicle: 1998 Toyota Avalon XLS 4-door

The Toyota Avalon was introduced in the 1995 model year and was structurally modified beginning with 1998 models to improve performance in frontal offset crashes.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. There was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well, although there was too much upward movement of the steering wheel.

Intrusion into the driver footwell area contributed to the likelihood of injury to the left lower leg.

The steering wheel moved too far upward during the crash test, which could compromise restraint system performance.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF97023
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 12
Left (cm) 27
Center (cm) 25
Right (cm) 17
Brake pedal (cm) 20
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 4
Right (cm) 6
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 13
Rearward (cm) 4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF97023
HIC-15 204
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 35
Femur force - left (kN) 1.6
Femur force - right (kN) 0.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 1.21
Maximum tibia index - right 0.46
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.2
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 75
Right 108

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

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