2018 Toyota 4Runner

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

2018 Toyota 4Runner 4-door SUV
2017 Toyota 4Runner shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Not available

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4-door 4wd

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were lengthened and reprogrammed to deploy in frontal crashes (in addition to side and rollover crashes) to improve occupant protection.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury, even though the steering column moved slightly too far to the right.

Door hinge pillar and instrument panel intrusion was extensive and contributed to a moderate risk of injuries to both lower legs.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1403
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 48
Footrest (cm) 23
Left toepan (cm) 15
Brake pedal (cm) 23
Parking brake (cm) 25
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 12
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 31
Upper dash (cm) 25
Lower instrument panel (cm) 21

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1403
Head
HIC-15 142
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.26
Chest maximum compression (mm) 18
Femur (kN)
Left 3.9
Right 2.4
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 7
Right 4
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 1
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.95
Right 0.85
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 5.0
Right 2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 98
Right 63

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2010-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4-door 4wd

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0910
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 9
Left (cm) 11
Center (cm) 12
Right (cm) 10
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -5
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0910
Head
HIC-15 357
Peak gs at hard contact 71
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.5
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.5
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.49
Maximum tibia index - right 0.31
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 94
Right 111

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4-door 4wd with standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, design changes were made to the side curtain airbags. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. However, because there were no side structural changes, the structure rating of the current model is based on both this test and an earlier test conducted by Toyota of a 2010 model.

Rating applies to 2014-19 models

Tested vehicle:2014 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4-door 4wd

The Toyota 4Runner was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, design changes were made to the side curtain airbags. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. However, because there were no side structural changes, the structure rating of the current model is based on both this test and an earlier test conducted by Toyota of a 2010 model.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1002 VTS1316
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -16.5 -18.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1002 VTS1316
Head HIC-15 126 163
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.0 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.7 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 35 31
Lateral force (kN) 1.8 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 23 33
Average deflection (mm) 21 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.30 2.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.29 0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.5 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.2 3.0
Combined force (kN) 4.6 4.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 57 40
A-P moment (Nm) -149 -144

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1002 VTS1316
Head HIC-15 120 188
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.1 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28 33
Lateral force (kN) 1.6 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29 35
Average deflection (mm) 17 24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.90 3.80
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.31 0.42
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7 2.4
Combined force (kN) 2.6 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 24 34
A-P moment (Nm) 53 53

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2013-19 models built after October 2012

Tested vehicle: 2013 Toyota 4Runner SR5 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,585 lbs
Peak force 18,866 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.11

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2010-19 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats AHR

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 44
Distance below top of head (mm) 30
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.4
Head contact time (ms) 68
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 44
Max neck tension (N) 532

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • SR5 trim
  • SR5 Platinum trim
  • TRD Off-Road trim
  • TRD Off-Road Premium trim
  • Limited trim
  • TRD Pro trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual left and gradual right curves and inadequate on the sharp left and sharp right curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • SR5 trim
  • SR5 Platinum trim
  • TRD Off-Road trim
  • TRD Off-Road Premium trim
  • Limited trim
  • TRD Pro trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2017-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 85.3 m 18.1 %
Straightaway left edge 52.2 m 18.1 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 49.6 m 4.6 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 46.3 m 16.7 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 40.0 m 47.2 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.5 m 10.6 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 173.5 m
Straightaway left edge 158.8 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 66.9 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 68.2 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 49.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.4 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SR5
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 76
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 74
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) could not measure
Clearance angle (degrees) 72
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 38
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated