Top Safety Pick

2017 Subaru WRX

small car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

2017 Subaru WRX 4-door sedan
2016 Subaru WRX shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/option)
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning
  • Optional lane departure prevention

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru WRX Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru WRX was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Although the car shares some of its design elements with the Subaru Impreza, there are now sufficient differences for the WRX to be rated separately.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1418
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 10
Footrest (cm) 12
Left toepan (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Upper dash (cm) 6
Lower instrument panel (cm) 6

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1418
Head
HIC-15 116
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 1.8
Right 1.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 6
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.64
Right 0.66
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.0
Right 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 47
Right 77

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru WRX Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru WRX was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Although the car shares some of its design elements with the Subaru Impreza, there are now sufficient differences for the WRX to be rated separately.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Small greasepaint marks on the side curtain airbag show that the dummy's head motion was well controlled as it moved forward into the frontal airbag and then back toward the seat during the crash.

Forces on the lower left leg were high enough to indicate the possibility of injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1403
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 3
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1403
Head
HIC-15 373
Peak gs at hard contact 80
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.39
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.7
Femur force - right (kN) 1.6
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 3
Maximum tibia index - left 0.60
Maximum tibia index - right 0.56
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 5.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 47

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Subaru WRX Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru WRX was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Although the car shares some of its design elements with the Subaru Impreza, there are now sufficient differences for the WRX to be rated separately. Beginning with 2017 models, the side curtain and side thorax airbags were modified to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Two tests of the WRX were conducted, one of a 2015 model by the Institute and the other of a 2017 model by Subaru as part of side crash test verification. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structure ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Rating applies to 2017-19 models

Tested vehicle:2017 Subaru WRX Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru WRX was redesigned for the 2015 model year. Although the car shares some of its design elements with the Subaru Impreza, there are now sufficient differences for the WRX to be rated separately. Beginning with 2017 models, the side curtain and side thorax airbags were modified to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes.

Two tests of the WRX were conducted, one of a 2015 model by the Institute and the other of a 2017 model by Subaru as part of side crash test verification. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structure ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1610 CES1404
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -13.0 -13.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1610 CES1404
Head HIC-15 340 273
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.2 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.3 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34 35
Average deflection (mm) 29 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.55 4.12
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.51 0.55
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.7 1.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0 2.2
Combined force (kN) 4.6 3.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1 1.2
L-M moment (Nm) 145 166
A-P moment (Nm) 75 45

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1610 CES1404
Head HIC-15 252 297
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.6 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 34 30
Lateral force (kN) 1.6 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 34 37
Average deflection (mm) 27 27
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.80 3.19
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.48 0.43
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4 0.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.8 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 151 154
A-P moment (Nm) -32 42

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2015 Subaru WRX Premium 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,420 lbs
Peak force 17,641 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.16

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2015-19 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) 0
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.5
Head contact time (ms) 57
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 379

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional EyeSight

Applies to 2016-19 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 3 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • Limited trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist Technology package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist Technology package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 88.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 41.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.7 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 40.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 53.3 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.4 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 164.6 m
Straightaway left edge 153.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 72.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.3 m

Trim level(s)

  • Limited trim
  • STI trim
  • STI Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right curve and inadequate on the sharp right and both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Limited trim
  • STI trim
  • STI Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 88.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 41.8 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.7 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 40.5 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 48.5 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 39.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 164.6 m
Straightaway left edge 153.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 72.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.3 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 52.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.3 m

Trim level(s)

  • Base trim
  • Premium trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was inadequate in all 4 tests.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • Base trim
  • Premium trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-19 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 84.4 m None
Straightaway left edge 31.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 43.0 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 34.9 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 36.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 31.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 162.0 m
Straightaway left edge 150.5 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 58.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 61.9 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 45.5 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 46.4 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-19 models built after January 2017

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Limited
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 67
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 73
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 70
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 68
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Applies to 2016-17 models built before February 2017

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim Premium
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 38
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 45
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 48
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 40
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated