Top Safety Pick +

2014 Subaru Legacy

midsize car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

2014 Subaru Legacy 4-door sedan
2013 Subaru Legacy shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Optional system
Superior

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2013-14 models built after August 2012

Tested vehicle: 2013 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door). The tested car was built after the side airbag modification was in place.

The small overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also with the reprogrammed side curtain airbags beginning with 2013 models built after August 2012.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Despite considerable intrusion into the driver footwell area, risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1228
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 28
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 12
Brake pedal (cm) 17
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 8
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 11
Upper dash (cm) 14
Lower instrument panel (cm) 13

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1228
Head
HIC-15 110
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 10
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.80
Right 0.59
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.5
Right 4.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 114

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2010-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Subaru Legacy 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification.

The moderate overlap frontal crash test ratings also apply to the station wagon version of the Legacy, known as the Outback, also redesigned for 2010.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0904
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 6
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0904
Head
HIC-15 96
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 33
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.4
Femur force - right (kN) 1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 4
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.44
Maximum tibia index - right 0.57
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 65
Right 51

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2010-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Subaru Legacy 4-door 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Subaru Legacy was redesigned for the 2010 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS0905
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -14.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS0905
Head HIC-15 358
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 49
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 40
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.84
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.68
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0
Combined force (kN) 4.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 55
A-P moment (Nm) 37

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS0905
Head HIC-15 161
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.9
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 32
Lateral force (kN) 1.1
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 28
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.57
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.23
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.2
Combined force (kN) 3.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 59
A-P moment (Nm) -10

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2010-14 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Subaru Legacy 2.5i Premium 4-door 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,373 lbs
Peak force 16,693 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.95

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: All seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 38
Distance below top of head (mm) 14
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.0
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 323

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional Moonroof + Navigation System + EyeSight System

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2013-14 models

Superior
Superior
with optional equipment
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated