Top Safety Pick

2017 Subaru Crosstrek

small car / 4-door wagon

Award applies only to vehicles with optional front crash prevention

2017 Subaru Crosstrek 4-door wagon
2015 Subaru Crosstrek shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention
Optional system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Other available safety features

  • Standard daytime running lights
  • Optional blind spot detection
  • Optional lane departure warning

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Subaru Impreza 2.0i wagon 4wd

The Subaru Impreza, not including the WRX performance models, was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, structural changes were made to improve occupant protection primarily in small overlap frontal crashes. These changes (and ratings) apply to the 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions of the Impreza and to the Crosstrek, a wagon with increased ground clearance introduced in the 2013 model year (originally known as the XV Crosstrek).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1337
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Footrest (cm) 12
Left toepan (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 4
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1337
Head
HIC-15 133
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.0
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.68
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 2.4
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 96
Right 59

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Impreza, not including the WRX performance models, was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, structural changes were made to improve occupant protection primarily in small overlap frontal crashes but also in moderate overlap frontal crashes. These changes (and ratings) apply to the 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions of the Impreza and to the Crosstrek, a wagon with increased ground clearance introduced in the 2013 model year (originally known as the XV Crosstrek).

Moderate offset frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1309
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 3
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1309
Head
HIC-15 132
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 15
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 34
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.7
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.54
Maximum tibia index - right 0.39
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 62
Right 66

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium 4-door 4wd with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Subaru Impreza, not including the WRX performance models, was redesigned for the 2012 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification. The side ratings apply to the 4-door sedan and wagon (5-door) versions of the Impreza and to the Crosstrek, a wagon with increased ground clearance introduced in the 2013 model year (originally known as the XV Crosstrek).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1111
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -11.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1111
Head HIC-15 316
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 47
Lateral force (kN) 1.8
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.37
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.50
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.3
Combined force (kN) 4.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 147
A-P moment (Nm) -55

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1111
Head HIC-15 324
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 32
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.46
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.0
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.8
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.2
L-M moment (Nm) 181
A-P moment (Nm) 29

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Subaru Impreza 2.0i wagon 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 2,985 lbs
Peak force 15,525 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.20

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 36
Distance below top of head (mm) 2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.9
Head contact time (ms) 62
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 398

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • 2.0i Premium trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
  • 2.0i Limited trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the sharp left and both right curves and inadequate on the gradual left curve.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and both left curves and inadequate on the sharp right curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 2.0i Premium trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
  • 2.0i Limited trim equipped with EyeSight Driver Assist package
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.8 m 305.6 %
Straightaway left edge 72.7 m 305.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 55.4 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 54.7 m 28.0 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 49.1 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.6 m 4.9 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 176.9 m
Straightaway left edge 181.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 69.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.2 m

Trim level(s)

  • 2.0i trim
  • 2.0i Premium trim
  • 2.0i Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination Excessive glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair in all 4 tests.

The low beams created excessive glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on the gradual right and both left curves and inadequate on the sharp right curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 2.0i trim
  • 2.0i Premium trim
  • 2.0i Limited trim
Low-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? No
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-17 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 99.8 m 305.6 %
Straightaway left edge 72.7 m 305.6 %
250m radius right curve, right edge 56.3 m 5.9 %
250m radius left curve, left edge 55.1 m 41.1 %
150m radius right curve, right edge 46.2 m 0.7 %
150m radius left curve, left edge 48.1 m 22.2 %
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 176.9 m
Straightaway left edge 181.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 65.3 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 69.6 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 51.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 55.2 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention

System details

  • Optional EyeSight

Package name

  • Optional EyeSight

Applies to 2015-17 models

Overall evaluation

  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
Superior
Superior
with optional equipment

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017 models built after January 2017

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 2.0i Premium
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 9
Clearance angle (degrees) 67
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 3
Clearance angle (degrees) 69
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Not visible
Force (lbs) 1
Clearance angle (degrees) 62
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 12
Clearance angle (degrees) 63
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Applies to 2015-17 models built before February 2017

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim 2.0i Premium
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 49
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 2-4
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 55
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 7
Clearance angle (degrees) 57
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 11
Clearance angle (degrees) 53
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated