2018 Subaru BRZ

small car / 2-door hatchback

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-19 models built after December 2013

Tested vehicle: 2014 Scion FR-S 2-door

The Scion FR-S and Subaru BRZ were introduced in the 2013 model year. Beginning with 2014 models built after December 2013, energy absorbing foam was added to left knee bolster and a structural change adjacent to the left part of the firewall was made to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.) The tested FR-S was built after these changes had been made on the assembly line.

The Scion FR-S was renamed the Toyota 86 beginning with the 2017 model year as Toyota discontinued the Scion nameplate.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but slid off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects,

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy’s head contacted the frontal airbag but then mostly slid off the left side. The inflated portion of the side curtain airbag did not extend far enough forward toward the A-pillar.

Intrusion of the door hinge pillar and instrument panel contributed to a moderate risk of injury to the left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1423
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 31
Footrest (cm) 28
Left toepan (cm) 17
Brake pedal (cm) 14
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 20
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 18
Upper dash (cm) 13
Lower instrument panel (cm) 16

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1423
Head
HIC-15 71
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 5
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 4.5
Right 1.6
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 9
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 2
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.97
Right 0.72
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 4.8
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 103
Right 45

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Scion FR-S 2-door

The Scion FR-S and Subaru BRZ were introduced in the 2013 model year. The Scion FR-S was renamed the Toyota 86 beginning with the 2017 model year as Toyota discontinued the Scion nameplate.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from hitting hard structures during rebound by the side curtain airbag.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1204
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 9
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1204
Head
HIC-15 158
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.2
Femur force - right (kN) 0.3
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.37
Maximum tibia index - right 0.33
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.0
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 87
Right 79

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Scion FR-S 2-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Scion FR-S and Subaru BRZ were introduced in the 2013 model year. The Scion FR-S was renamed the Toyota 86 beginning with the 2017 model year as Toyota discontinued the Scion nameplate.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with door removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag (contact with the side torso airbag is not visible in this photo).

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag (the C-pillar trim was dislodged by the inflating airbag and does not pose an injury risk).

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1207
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -14.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1207
Head HIC-15 168
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 40
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 40
Average deflection (mm) 38
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.78
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.2
Combined force (kN) 3.2
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 141
A-P moment (Nm) 65

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1207
Head HIC-15 235
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 40
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 22
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.38
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.8
Combined force (kN) 1.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 70
A-P moment (Nm) -31

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2013-19 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Scion FR-S 2-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 2,787 lbs
Peak force 13,941 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.00

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Manual cloth seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 22
Distance below top of head (mm) 24
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.7
Head contact time (ms) 60
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 464

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted