2015 Scion xB

small car / 4-door wagon

2015 Scion xB 4-door wagon
2014 Scion xB shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-15 models built after February 2014

Tested vehicle: 2014 Scion xB 4-door

The Scion xB was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Beginning with 2014 models built after February 2014, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in frontal crashes and changes were made to better control the stability of the steering column to improve occupant protection in small overlap crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy's head and torso barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off to the left. The seat belt allowed the dummy to move too far forward, as is evident from the gap between the seat back and the dummy's torso. The side curtain airbag did not extend far enough forward toward the A-pillar.

Despite considerable intrusion into the driver footwell area, risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1428
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 29
Footrest (cm) 18
Left toepan (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 9
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 17
Upper dash (cm) 17
Lower instrument panel (cm) 16

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1428
Head
HIC-15 273
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.33
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 2.9
Right 1.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.78
Right 0.51
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.0
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 73
Right 61

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2008-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2008 Scion xB wagon

The Scion xB was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Its size and weight have increased sufficiently to reclassify it as a small car. (The earlier design was classified as a minicar.) Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0706
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 10
Center (cm) 16
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -1
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0706
Head
HIC-15 235
Peak gs at hard contact 50
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 25
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 5.0
Femur force - right (kN) 1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.51
Maximum tibia index - right 0.81
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 90

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Scion XB wagon with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Scion xB was redesigned for the 2008 model year. Its size and weight have increased sufficiently to reclassify it as a small car. (The earlier design was classified as a minicar.) Beginning with 2013 models, design changes were made to the side curtain and side torso airbags and front and rear door trim panels.

Two tests of the xB were conducted, one of a 2008 model by the Institute and the other representing a 2013 model by Toyota as part of side crash test verification. These vehicles are rated separately, except that the structure ratings for both vehicles are based on both tests. (The car tested by Toyota was designated as a 2012 model but included the side curtain airbag and door trim changes of the 2013 models.)

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0838 VTS1214
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -13.5 -11.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1214
Head HIC-15 440
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 38
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.60
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 3.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 5.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 25
A-P moment (Nm) -84

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1214
Head HIC-15 142
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 47
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 30
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.64
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.4
Combined force (kN) 1.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.5
L-M moment (Nm) 67
A-P moment (Nm) -235

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2008-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Scion xB wagon

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,078 lbs
Peak force 21,041 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 6.84

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Manual cloth seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 24
Distance below top of head (mm) 42
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 12.2
Head contact time (ms) 62
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 1
Max neck tension (N) 436

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted