2016 Scion tC

small car / 2-door hatchback

2016 Scion tC 2-door hatchback
2014 Scion tC shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2014-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Scion tC 2-door

The Scion tC was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes to improve occupant protection.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward structure. The side curtain airbag deployed and had sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy's head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right. The side curtain airbag extended far enough forward toward the A-pillar to protect the head from contact with forward side structure.

Door hinge pillar intrusion contributed to a moderate risk of injury to the left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1320
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 24
Footrest (cm) 13
Left toepan (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 8
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 5
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 14
Upper dash (cm) 14
Lower instrument panel (cm) 13

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1320
Head
HIC-15 127
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 7
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 2.4
Right 0.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 9
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.96
Right 0.39
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.2
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 106
Right 58

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2014-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Scion tC 2-door

The Scion tC was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes, but this would not have any effect on the moderate overlap frontal ratings. Therefore, the listed ratings are based on a test of a 2011 model.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag and grab handle during rebound. Head accelerations from these hits were low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1008
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 12
Center (cm) 15
Right (cm) 8
Brake pedal (cm) 1
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1008
Head
HIC-15 216
Peak gs at hard contact 32
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.5
Femur force - right (kN) 1.8
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.38
Maximum tibia index - right 0.57
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.8
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 51
Right 61

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2014-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Scion tC 2-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Scion tC was redesigned for the 2011 model year. Beginning with 2014 models, the side curtain airbags were reprogrammed to deploy in small overlap frontal crashes, but this would not have any effect on the side ratings. Therefore, the listed ratings are based on a test of a 2011 model.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with door removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1014
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -16.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1014
Head HIC-15 468
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 22
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 7.12
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.55
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.2
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.1
Combined force (kN) 2.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 121
A-P moment (Nm) 83

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1014
Head HIC-15 240
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 1.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.3
Combined force (kN) 1.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 295
A-P moment (Nm) 59

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2014-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Scion tC 2-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,123 lbs
Peak force 17,738 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.68

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2011-16 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats (AHR)

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats (AHR)
Geometry
Backset (mm) 20
Distance below top of head (mm) 42
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.6
Head contact time (ms) 63
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 46
Max neck tension (N) 486

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted