2017 Nissan Leaf

small car / 4-door hatchback

2017 Nissan Leaf 4-door hatchback
2014 Nissan Leaf shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Nissan Leaf S 4-door

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 23 cm to the right, leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure and allowing little airbag cushioning for the chest. The side curtain airbag deployed but does not have sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with forward side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy's head and torso barely contacted the airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right. The side curtain airbag did not extend far enough forward toward the A-pillar.

Door hinge pillar and instrument panel intrusion was extensive and contributed to a high risk of injuries to the left knee and left lower leg and a significant risk to the left thigh.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1426
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 40
Footrest (cm) 21
Left toepan (cm) 10
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Parking brake (cm) 31
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 14
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 9
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 35
Upper dash (cm) 36
Lower instrument panel (cm) 30

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1426
Head
HIC-15 96
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 27
Maximum Nij 0.42
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21
Femur (kN)
Left 8.6
Right 2.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 23
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 22
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.73
Right 0.49
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 1.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 86
Right 64

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Nissan Leaf SL 4-door

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Nissan as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1302
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 5
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 5
Right (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1302
Head
HIC-15 165
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.23
Maximum tibia index - right 0.50
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 0.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 57
Right 80

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Nissan as part of side crash test verification.

Rating applies to 2013-17 models

Tested vehicle:2013 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year and re-engineered beginning with 2013 models. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Nissan as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1301
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -13.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1301
Head HIC-15 161
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 28
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 25
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.90
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.1
L-M moment (Nm) 134
A-P moment (Nm) 29

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1301
Head HIC-15 125
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 35
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 31
Average deflection (mm) 24
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 2.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 102
A-P moment (Nm) -40

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2011-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,339 lbs
Peak force 18,316 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.49

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2016-19 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 36
Distance below top of head (mm) 38
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.7
Head contact time (ms) 58
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 313

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2016-19 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim SV (Leaf); SV Plus (Leaf Plus)
Seat type cloth

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
difficult to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 29
Clearance angle (degrees) 50
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 28
Clearance angle (degrees) 55
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 27
Clearance angle (degrees) 56
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 4-6
Force (lbs) 33
Clearance angle (degrees) 48
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present Yes
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated