Top Safety Pick

2011 Nissan Leaf

small car / 4-door hatchback

2011 Nissan Leaf 4-door hatchback

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2011-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. It has an average range of 73 miles according to the EPA, beyond which the battery must be recharged.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head contacted the side curtain airbag during rebound.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1104
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 8
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 5
Rearward (cm) 1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1104
Head
HIC-15 223
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 16
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3
Femur force - right (kN) 1.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.36
Maximum tibia index - right 0.58
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 69
Right 40

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2011-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Nissan Leaf was introduced in the 2011 model year. The car is a plug-in battery-electric vehicle with no gasoline or diesel engine to help power the car. It has an average range of 73 miles according to the EPA, beyond which the battery must be recharged.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1108
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -13.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1108
Head HIC-15 159
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 27
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.85
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.34
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.0
Combined force (kN) 2.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 110
A-P moment (Nm) 51

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1108
Head HIC-15 123
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.5
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 36
Average deflection (mm) 21
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.95
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.50
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.5
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 2.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 111
A-P moment (Nm) 21

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2011-17 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Nissan Leaf SV 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,339 lbs
Peak force 18,316 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.49

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2011-12 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 35
Distance below top of head (mm) 24
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.3
Head contact time (ms) 49
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 449

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted