Top Safety Pick + Top Safety Pick criteria

2024 Mazda CX-90 PHEV

midsize SUV / 4-door SUV

2024 Mazda CX-90 PHEV 4-door SUV
Photo courtesy of Mazda North American Operations

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Superior
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Superior

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2024 models

Tested vehicle: 2024 Mazda CX-90 Turbo Premium 4-door 4wd

The Mazda CX-90 was introduced for the 2024 model year. These ratings also apply to the Mazda CX-90 PHEV (plug-in hybrid variant).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

The driver's space was maintained well, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN2306
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 7
Left toepan (cm) 3
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Upper dash (cm) 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN2306
Head
HIC-15 68
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.19
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.2
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.40
Right 0.34
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 0.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 58
Right 44

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2024 models

Tested vehicle: 2024 Mazda CX-90 4-door 4wd

The Mazda CX-90 was introduced for the 2024 model year. These ratings also apply to the Mazda CX-90 PHEV (plug-in hybrid variant). Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2024 CX-90 conducted by Mazda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP2310
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 6
Footrest (cm) 11
Right toepan (cm) 7
Center toepan (cm) 2
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 3
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP2310
Head
HIC-15 113
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 19
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Femur (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 1.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.50
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 3.1
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 51
Right 58

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP2310
Head
HIC-15 40
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10
Maximum Nij 0.20
Chest maximum compression (mm) 24
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.30
Right 0.26
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.5
Right 1.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 42
Right 67

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2024 models

Tested vehicle: 2024 Mazda CX-90 4-door 4wd

The Mazda CX-90 was introduced for the 2024 model year. These ratings also apply to the Mazda CX-90 PHEV (plug-in hybrid variant). Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2024 CX-90 conducted by Mazda as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF2311
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 5
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 1
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 0
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3
Rearward (cm) 0
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF2311
Head
HIC-15 101
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.15
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.3
Femur force - right (kN) 0.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.45
Maximum tibia index - right 0.37
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 80
Right 59

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2024 models

Tested vehicle: 2024 Mazda CX-90 4-door 4wd

The Mazda CX-90 was introduced for the 2024 model year. These ratings also apply to the Mazda CX-90 PHEV (plug-in hybrid variant). Side 2.0 ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2024 CX-90 conducted by Mazda as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2323
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -28.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2323
Head
HIC-15 104
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 7
Lateral force (kN) 0.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 31
Average deflection (mm) 26
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 6.09
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.43
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 2.3

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2323
Head
HIC-15 18
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 10
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 19
Average deflection (mm) 15
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.32
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.17
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 3.7

How the side crash test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

System details

  • standard Smart Brake Support

Overall evaluation

This rating applies to all 2024 models

Superior
Superior

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 23 mph.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision. A warning was issued 2.2 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

System details

  • standard Smart Brake Support

Overall evaluation

Includes high-beam assist credit

This rating applies to all 2024 models
Superior
Superior

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 33 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2.4 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 26 mph and a warning was issued 1.5 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right curve and inadequate on both left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2024 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 83.3 m None
Straightaway left edge 41.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 75.3 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 41.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.8 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 42.6 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 153.3 m
Straightaway left edge 167.1 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 78.7 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 59.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.7 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 45.7 m

How headlights are evaluated