2013 Mazda 5

small car / 4-door wagon

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Front crash prevention
Not available

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2012-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 5 Sport wagon

The Mazda 5 was redesigned for the 2012 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
During the crash, the driver door unlatched, which shouldn't happen because the driver could be partly or completely ejected from the vehicle. The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 14 cm to the right. Additionally, the seat belt allowed excessive forward excursion of the dummy’s head and torso, contributing to the head hitting the instrument panel. The side curtain airbag did not deploy, leaving the dummy's head vulnerable to contacts with side structure and outside objects.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

During the crash, the dummy's head and torso barely contacted the airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right. The seat belt allowed the dummy to move too far forward, and the head hit the instrument panel.

Door hinge pillar and instrument panel intrusion was extensive and contributed to a high risk of injuries to the left thigh and left lower leg and a moderate risk to the left knee and right lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1424
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 35
Footrest (cm) 26
Left toepan (cm) 22
Brake pedal (cm) 21
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 13
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 15
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 34
Upper dash (cm) 25
Lower instrument panel (cm) 27

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1424
Head
HIC-15 122
Peak gs at hard contact not meas.
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 27
Femur (kN)
Left 11.0
Right 4.3
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 15
Right 9
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 47
Right 2
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.28
Right 0.87
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.0
Right 3.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 88
Right 121

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2012-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 5 Sport wagon

The Mazda 5 was redesigned for the 2012 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the moderate overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy’s head hit the roof rail during rebound. Head acceleration from this hit was low.

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF1405
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 9
Left (cm) 12
Center (cm) 10
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1405
Head
HIC-15 262
Peak gs at hard contact 31
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 31
Maximum Nij 0.44
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 4.0
Femur force - right (kN) 2.2
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.52
Maximum tibia index - right 0.49
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 116
Right 96

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2012-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 5 Sport wagon with standard head curtain airbags for all three rows of seats and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Mazda 5 was redesigned for the 2012 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
The side curtain airbag did not fully cover the window opening near the dummy's head during deployment. After the head was contacted by the side airbag, it continued to move outward and downward until it was hit by the window sill of the driver door, when the head was in near proximity with the intruding barrier. Although the barrier did not hit the dummy's head in this test, this near miss indicates that only slightly different crash circumstances could produce a direct hit to a person's head.
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint low on the side curtain airbag shows that the driver dummy's head was inadequately protected and that the head continued farther downward and was hit by the window sill.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag (note contrast with driver dummy's head contact).

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES1405
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -7.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES1405
Head HIC-15 287
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 33
Average deflection (mm) 19
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.96
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.44
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 4.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0
Combined force (kN) 7.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 67
A-P moment (Nm) -18

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES1405
Head HIC-15 184
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 26
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 49
Average deflection (mm) 33
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.74
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.21
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.6
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.3
Combined force (kN) 3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 152
A-P moment (Nm) -69

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2012-15 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Mazda 5 Sport wagon

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,409 lbs
Peak force 14,797 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.34

How the roof strength test is conducted