Top Safety Pick

2010 Lincoln MKS

large luxury car / 4-door sedan

2010 Lincoln MKS 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2009-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2014 Lincoln MKS 4-door

The Lincoln MKS was introduced in the 2009 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side as the steering column moved 15 cm to the right, contributing to the head hitting the instrument panel. The side curtain airbag deployed and has sufficient forward coverage to protect the head from contact with side structure and outside objects. The side torso airbag also deployed.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was not maintained well.

The dummy's head and torso barely contacted the airbag before sliding off to the left as the steering column moved to the right, and the head hit the intruding instrument panel.

Door hinge pillar, door sill, and instrument panel intrusion was extensive and contributed to a high risk of injury to the left hip and a moderate risk to the left knee and left lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1435
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 30
Footrest (cm) 20
Left toepan (cm) 25
Brake pedal (cm) 14
Parking brake (cm) 25
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 13
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 13
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 29
Upper dash (cm) 24
Lower instrument panel (cm) 20

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1435
Head
HIC-15 82
Peak gs at hard contact 36
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 19
Femur (kN)
Left 6.6
Right 2.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 13
Right 2
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 30
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.90
Right 0.62
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.4
Right 0.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 43
Right 50

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2009-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2009 Lincoln MKS Ultimate 4-door

The Lincoln MKS was introduced in the 2009 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Ford as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0810
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 7
Brake pedal (cm) 5
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3
Rearward (cm) 1
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0810
Head
HIC-15 189
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.31
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.4
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 0
Maximum tibia index - left 0.33
Maximum tibia index - right 0.72
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.9
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 58

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2009-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2009 Lincoln MKS 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Lincoln MKS was introduced in the 2009 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0834
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -13.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0834
Head HIC-15 106
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.85
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.42
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0
Combined force (kN) 4.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 103
A-P moment (Nm) 46

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0834
Head HIC-15 163
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 25
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 24
Average deflection (mm) 18
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.75
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.22
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.9
Combined force (kN) 2.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 222
A-P moment (Nm) 33

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2009-16 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Lincoln MKS 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 4,172 lbs
Peak force 17,461 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.19

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 25
Distance below top of head (mm) 22
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.1
Head contact time (ms) 58
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 16
Max neck tension (N) 545

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted