2004 Lincoln LS

large luxury car / 4-door sedan

2004 Lincoln LS 4-door sedan
2000 Lincoln LS shown


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test
Head restraints & seats


  • G
  • A
  • M
  • P
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2000-06 models built after February 2000

Tested vehicle: 2000 Lincoln LS8 4-door

The Lincoln LS was introduced in the 2000 model year and discontinued after the 2006 model year. All 2000-06 LS models manufactured after February 2000 include structural changes to improve occupant protection in frontal crashes (note: information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on or near the driver door).

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of a 2000 LS with the structural changes in a 40 mph frontal offset crash test into a deformable barrier.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well.

Despite buckling of both doors on the driver side, intrusion into the driver's space was minimal.

Good control of dummy movement allowed the dummy to rebound into the seat without its head coming close to any stiff structure that could cause injury.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF00017
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 12
Left (cm) 14
Center (cm) 14
Right (cm) 11
Brake pedal (cm) 9
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) -3
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF00017
HIC-15 333
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Tension (kN) 1.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 18
Maximum Nij 0.32
Chest maximum compression (mm) 28
Femur force - left (kN) 2.9
Femur force - right (kN) 1.5
Knee displacement - left (mm) 8
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.42
Maximum tibia index - right 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 67
Right 65

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: All seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats
Backset (mm) 68
Distance below top of head (mm) 15
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 8.4
Head contact time (ms) 75
Force rating 2
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 184
Max neck tension (N) 636

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted
Currently, IIHS tests apply only to front seats.

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