2024 Lexus ES 350

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

2024 Lexus ES 350 4-door sedan
2023 Lexus ES 350 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front: original test
Moderate overlap front: updated test
Side: original test
Side: updated test

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)
Standard system
Advanced
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)
Standard system
Superior

Seat belts & child restraints

Seat belt reminders
LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Two driver-side small overlap frontal tests of the ES were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well (Institute test car shown).

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury (Institute test shown).

The driver's space was maintained well in both tests, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1812 VTN1810
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 1 1
Footrest (cm) 2 3
Left toepan (cm) 1 4
Brake pedal (cm) 2 3
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0 0
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0 1
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 1 1
Upper dash (cm) 2 1
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3 2

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1812 VTN1810
Head
HIC-15 139 175
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20 19
Maximum Nij 0.19 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21 25
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6 0.7
Right 0.6 1.0
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0 1
Right 0 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0 0
Right 0 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.40 0.47
Right 0.60 0.55
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1 2.4
Right 1.4 1.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 50 59
Right 45 51

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1822
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Footrest (cm) 8
Right toepan (cm) 12
Center toepan (cm) 10
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 3
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 3
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 3

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1822
Head
HIC-15 190
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.25
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 1.7
Right 1.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 4
Right 5
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.41
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.8
Right 2.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 114
Right 82

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1822
Head
HIC-15 132
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 11
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 23
Femur (kN)
Left 0.7
Right 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.45
Right 0.42
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 0.9
Right 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 82
Right 63

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1822
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 2
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) -2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1822
Head
HIC-15 341
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 17
Maximum Nij 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 2
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.30
Maximum tibia index - right 0.48
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 90
Right 74

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2019 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh/hip
Leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Thigh
Rear passenger restraints and dummy kinematics

View of the vehicle after the crash showing the airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

The rear passenger dummy's head remained a safe distance from the front seatback.

Rear passenger dummy injury values indicate a low risk of injury to the head or neck and a moderate risk of injury to the chest. During the crash, the shoulder belt remained in an ideal position on the dummy’s chest.

The rear passenger dummy's lap belt moved from the ideal position on the pelvis onto the abdomen, increasing the risk of abdominal injuries.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF2336
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 7
Left (cm) 9
Center (cm) 10
Right (cm) 6
Brake pedal (cm) 2
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 2
Rearward (cm) -3
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF2336
Head
HIC-15 135
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.24
Chest maximum compression (mm) 26
Femur (kN)
Left 1.2
Right 1.5
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.32
Right 0.36
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 3.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 64
Right 66

Rear passenger injury measures

Test ID CEF2336
Head
HIC-15 for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.7
Compression (kN) 0.1
Maximum Nij for head contact during forward excursion
no contact
Chest
Chest index 36
Shoulder belt tension (kN) 4.0
Thigh (kN)
Left femur compression 0.4
Right femur compression 0.3

How the updated moderate overlap front test is conducted

February 2024 adjustment to rating criteria

Side: original test

Rating applies to 2019-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1820
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -22.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1820
Head HIC-15 391
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 32
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 29
Average deflection (mm) 28
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.39
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.49
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.2
Combined force (kN) 2.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.6
L-M moment (Nm) 70
A-P moment (Nm) 35

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1820
Head HIC-15 124
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 9
Lateral force (kN) 0.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 26
Average deflection (mm) 22
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 1.45
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.21
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.1
Combined force (kN) 1.8
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 55
A-P moment (Nm) -31

How the side crash test is conducted

Side: updated test

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Tested vehicle: 2023 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2019 model year. Side 2.0 ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test of a 2023 ES conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS2231
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -15.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS2231
Head
HIC-15 403
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.4
Compression (kN) 0.4
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 31
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.24
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.58
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 4.6

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS2231
Head
HIC-15 197
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 18
Lateral force (kN) 0.4
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 26
Average deflection (mm) 22
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.25
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.62
Pelvis
Combined force (kN) 5.4

How the side crash test is conducted

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • All trims equipped with Triple Beam LED Headlights package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit Some glare

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams created some glare.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and gradual right curves and fair on the sharp left and sharp right curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the sharp left curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims equipped with Triple Beam LED Headlights package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2022-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 137.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 69.5 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 77.3 m 22.8%
250m radius left curve, left edge 72.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 57.3 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 143.4 m
Straightaway left edge 135.4 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 77.5 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 85.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.0 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 64.0 m

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good on both right curves and fair on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual left and gradual right curves and fair on the sharp right and sharp left curves.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on both left curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2022-24 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 123.0 m None
Straightaway left edge 66.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 80.0 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 64.1 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.8 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 47.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 140.6 m
Straightaway left edge 126.6 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 80.6 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 80.8 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 62.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 61.6 m

How headlights are evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (day)

System details

  • standard Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

This rating applies to all 2019-24 models

Advanced
Advanced

Crossing child

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 11 mph.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 17 mph. A warning was issued 1.5 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-pedestrian (night)

System details

  • standard Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

Includes high-beam assist credit

This rating applies to all 2023-24 models
Superior
Superior

Crossing adult

  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.

Parallel adult

  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision when using its high beams. When using its low beams, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 37 mph IIHS test, impact speed was reduced by 34 mph when using its high beams and a warning was issued 2.2 seconds before impact. When using its low beams, impact speed was reduced by 32 mph and a warning was issued 2.1 seconds before impact.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Seat belt reminders

Rating applies to 2023-24 models

Overall evaluation
Front row
Unbelted occupant alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration Long enough (90+ seconds)
Volume
Audio frequency
Second row
Startup status alert (visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 60 seconds
Belt disengaged alert (audible & visual)
Initiation time
Duration at least 30 seconds
Volume
Audio frequency
Technical measurements for this test
Background cabin sound pressure level at 24 km/h 50 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 24 km/h 69 dB
Difference between background and signal 18.9 dB
Background cabin sound pressure level at 40 km/h 54 dB
Audible signal sound pressure level at 40 km/h 70 dB
Difference between background and signal 16.5 dB
Dominant audio frequency 800 Hz

How seat belt reminders are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2019-24 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim ES 350
Seat type leatherette

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim ES 350
Seat type leatherette
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 79
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 82
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 77
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 79
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated