Top Safety Pick

2018 Lexus ES 350

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

Award applies only to vehicles with specific headlights

2018 Lexus ES 350 4-door sedan
2016 Lexus ES 350 shown

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights (varies by trim/ option)
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2016-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2016 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor.

Beginning with 2016 models, the front structure, A-pillar/roof rail, hinge pillar, and door sill were modified to improve occupant protection in small overlap frontal crashes. Small overlap ratings apply to both the ES 350 and ES 300h.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well.

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury.

Forces during the crash contributed to a moderate risk of injury to the dummy's right lower leg.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1528
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 8
Footrest (cm) 6
Left toepan (cm) 5
Brake pedal (cm) 7
Parking brake (cm) 9
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 5
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2
Upper dash (cm) 2
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1528
Head
HIC-15 146
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20
Maximum Nij 0.34
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Femur (kN)
Left 0.6
Right 3.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 2
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 1
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.62
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.9
Right 5.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 57
Right 66

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2013-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor. Moderate offset frontal ratings apply to both models and are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an ES 350 conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1203
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6
Left (cm) 8
Center (cm) 4
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2
Right (cm) 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 0
Rearward (cm) 2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1203
Head
HIC-15 212
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 27
Maximum Nij 0.30
Chest maximum compression (mm) 20
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.5
Femur force - right (kN) 3.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5
Maximum tibia index - left 0.50
Maximum tibia index - right 0.67
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.7
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 44
Right 58

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2013-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front and rear seat-mounted torso airbags

The Lexus ES was redesigned for the 2013 model year. There are now two models, the ES 350 powered by a V6 gasoline engine and the ES 300h, a hybrid with both a 2.5-liter 4-cylinder gasoline engine and an electric motor. Side ratings ratings apply to both models and are assigned by the Institute based on a test of an ES 350 conducted by Toyota as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1205
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -14.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1205
Head HIC-15 379
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.6
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 30
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.56
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.33
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.9
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.5
L-M moment (Nm) 23
A-P moment (Nm) -53

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1205
Head HIC-15 66
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.3
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 14
Lateral force (kN) 0.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 23
Average deflection (mm) 20
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.66
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.23
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 0.9
Combined force (kN) 1.1
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.9
L-M moment (Nm) 39
A-P moment (Nm) 137

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2013-18 models

Tested vehicle: 2013 Lexus ES 350 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,558 lbs
Peak force 18,556 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.22

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 11
Distance below top of head (mm) 14
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.1
Head contact time (ms) 56
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 415

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard Pre-Collision System with Pedestrian Detection

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2017-18 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Ratings are given for 2 different headlight variations available on this vehicle.

Trim level(s)

  • 350 trim
  • 300h trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on the right side of the road and fair on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 350 trim
  • 300h trim
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type Halogen reflector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-18 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 70.9 m None
Straightaway left edge 44.6 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 64.9 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 44.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.2 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 44.7 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 155.2 m
Straightaway left edge 133.0 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 66.1 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 59.2 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 50.9 m

Trim level(s)

  • 350 trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
  • 300h trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was inadequate on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was fair on both right curves and inadequate on both left curves.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good on the gradual right curve, fair on the sharp right and gradual left curves, and inadequate on the sharp left curve.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and all 4 curves.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • 350 trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
  • 300h trim equipped with Bi-LED headlamps package
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? No
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2016-18 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 65.8 m None
Straightaway left edge 39.2 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 63.2 m None
250m radius left curve, left edge 38.6 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 54.6 m None
150m radius left curve, right edge 38.1 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 132.3 m
Straightaway left edge 126.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 79.0 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 67.7 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 58.4 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 49.2 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2017-18 models

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim ES 350
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor only.

Overall evaluation
Vehicle trim ES 350
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
none available
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 37
Clearance angle (degrees) 81
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 20
Clearance angle (degrees) 84
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
No lower latch for this seat position
Lower anchor B
No lower latch for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 83
Lower anchor B
Open access rated No
Depth (cm) 0-2
Force (lbs) 19
Clearance angle (degrees) 78
Tether anchor
Location Rear deck
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
No

How child seat anchors are evaluated