2012 Lexus ES 350

midsize luxury car / 4-door sedan

2012 Lexus ES 350 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2007-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2012 Lexus ES 350 4-door

The Lexus ES 350 was redesigned for the 2007 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
The dummy’s head barely contacted the frontal airbag before sliding off the left side and leaving the head vulnerable to contact with forward side structure. The steering column moved upward 18 cm and 14 cm to the right, contributing to a lack of protection for the head and allowing little airbag cushioning for the chest. The side curtain airbag did not deploy, leaving the dummy's head vulnerable to contact with side structure and outside objects.

Action shot taken during the small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space wasn't maintained well.

During the crash, the steering column moved sharply upward and to the right, leaving the dummy's head and chest unprotected from impact with hard interior surfaces and outside objects.

Intrusion into the occupant compartment was extensive. The door hinge pillar was torn off from the door sill as the left front wheel was forced rearward during the crash. This intrusion contributed to a high risk of injuries to the left knee and left lower leg, and a significant risk of injury to the left hip.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1206
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 43
Footrest (cm) 19
Left toepan (cm) 13
Brake pedal (cm) 15
Parking brake (cm) 41
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 5
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 7
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 25
Upper dash (cm) 26
Lower instrument panel (cm) 29

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1206
Head
HIC-15 51
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 12
Maximum Nij 0.21
Chest maximum compression (mm) 18
Femur (kN)
Left 6.1
Right 1.8
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 20
Right 3
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 19
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 1.30
Right 0.50
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.1
Right 2.5
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 74
Right 56

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2007-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2007 Toyota Camry LE 4-door

The Toyota Camry was redesigned for the 2007 model year. Frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Toyota as part of frontal crash test verification. The Camry was redesigned again for the 2012 model year, so these ratings do not apply to 2012 models.

The frontal offset crash test ratings also apply to the Lexus ES 350, the midsize luxury/near luxury version of the Camry, beginning with 2007 models and continuing through the 2012 models, which were not redesigned.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF0603
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 6
Center (cm) 5
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 4
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -3
Rearward (cm) -5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF0603
Head
HIC-15 175
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 30
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.3
Femur force - right (kN) 1.7
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.25
Maximum tibia index - right 0.49
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.3
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 3.6
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 54
Right 71

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2007-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2007 Toyota Camry LE 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Toyota Camry was redesigned for the 2007 model year. The Camry was redesigned again for the 2012 model year, so these ratings do not apply to 2012 models.

The side impact crash test ratings also apply to the Lexus ES 350, the midsize luxury/near luxury version of the Camry, beginning with 2007 models and continuing through the 2012 models, which were not redesigned.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0622
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -16.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0622
Head HIC-15 182
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.5
Compression (kN) 0.1
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 41
Lateral force (kN) 2.0
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 35
Average deflection (mm) 29
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.00
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.39
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.0
Combined force (kN) 5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.3
L-M moment (Nm) 71
A-P moment (Nm) 29

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0622
Head HIC-15 68
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.2
Compression (kN) 0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 16
Lateral force (kN) 0.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 27
Average deflection (mm) 23
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.04
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.38
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.9
Combined force (kN) 4.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.2
L-M moment (Nm) 57
A-P moment (Nm) 23

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2007-12 models

Tested vehicle: 2011 Lexus ES 350 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,601 lbs
Peak force 18,649 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 5.18

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2007-12 models

Seat type: Power leather seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 45
Distance below top of head (mm) 22
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Fail
Max T1 acceleration (g) 17.0
Head contact time (ms) 85
Force rating 2
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 160
Max neck tension (N) 707

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted