Top Safety Pick

2010 Kia Forte

small car / 4-door sedan

2010 Kia Forte 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2010-13 models

Tested vehicle: 2010 Kia Forte EX 4-door

The Kia Forte was introduced in the 2010 model year as a replacement for the Kia Spectra.

Two tests of a 2010 Kia Forte were conducted. In the first test, forces recorded on the dummy's head and neck were high, leading to a Marginal head/neck injury rating and a Marginal overall rating. In response, Kia modified the airbag control computer to deploy the side curtain airbag, in addition to the frontal airbag, in certain frontal crashes beginning with cars manufactured after January 2010. Kia initiated a service campaign to reprogram the airbag control computer on all 2010 models produced before the change was made on the production line.

In the second test of a car built after the modifications were in place, the driver side curtain airbag deployed during the crash, and forces on the neck were low. However, forces on the head were still elevated.

The evaluation of the Forte is based on the second test, except for the structural rating, which is based both tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the second of two frontal offset crash tests.

The dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained well (second test shown).

In both tests, forces on the head were high when the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the frontal airbag (second test shown).

Intrusion into the driver's space was minimal, and all leg and foot injury measures were low (second test shown).

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0912 CEF1002
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 6 7
Left (cm) 9 9
Center (cm) 7 8
Right (cm) 5 7
Brake pedal (cm) 10 9
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2 1
Right (cm) 3 1
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1 3
Rearward (cm) -4 -4
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 1 1

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF1002
Head
HIC-15 670
Peak gs at hard contact 114
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Extension bending moment (Nm) 13
Maximum Nij 0.71
Chest maximum compression (mm) 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 0.8
Femur force - right (kN) 3.1
Knee displacement - left (mm) 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 6
Maximum tibia index - left 0.41
Maximum tibia index - right 0.65
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.4
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.8
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 61
Right 50

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2010 models built after October 2009

Tested vehicle: 2010 Kia Forte EX 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Kia Forte was introduced in the 2010 model year as a replacement for the Kia Spectra. Because of deficiencies identified in an earlier test of the Forte, Kia made design changes to the B-pillar and roof structure to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes and rollovers beginning with 2010 models built after October 2009. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

A second car with the changes was tested, and the side impact crash performance improved (the first car is rated separately).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side curtain airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0933
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -9.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0933
Head HIC-15 422
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Compression (kN) 0.7
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 33
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 46
Average deflection (mm) 40
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.57
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.87
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.6
Combined force (kN) 3.4
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.7
L-M moment (Nm) 150
A-P moment (Nm) 44

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0933
Head HIC-15 237
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 1.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 39
Lateral force (kN) 1.6
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 48
Average deflection (mm) 39
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.20
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.85
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 2.9
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.2
L-M moment (Nm) 244
A-P moment (Nm) -66

Rating applies to 2010 models built after June 2009 and before November 2009

Tested vehicle: 2010 Kia Forte EX 4-door with standard front and rear head curtain airbags and standard front seat-mounted torso airbags

The Kia Forte was introduced in the 2010 model year as a replacement for the Kia Spectra. Beginning with 2010 models built after June 2009, design changes were made to the rear door structure to improve occupant protection in side impact crashes. (Information about when a specific vehicle was manufactured is on the certification label typically affixed to the car on the driver door or adjacent B-pillar.)

Because of deficiencies identified in this test, Kia made additional changes beginning with 2010 models built after October 2009. A second car with the additional modifications was tested, and the side impact crash performance improved (the second car is rated separately).

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
The side curtain airbag did not adequately cover the window opening near the dummy's head during deployment, and the side airbag that deployed from the seat did not fill the gap. Although the intruding barrier did not hit the dummy's head in this test, this near miss indicates that only slightly different crash circumstances could produce a direct hit to a person's head.
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbags and damage to the occupant compartment.

Action shot taken during the side impact crash test showing the driver dummy's head leaning outward below the side curtain airbag and approaching the crash test barrier.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy’s head was protected by the side airbag.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0924
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -7.5
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0924
Head HIC-15 134
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.9
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 43
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 45
Average deflection (mm) 41
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.97
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.87
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 3.1
Combined force (kN) 4.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 177
A-P moment (Nm) 76

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0924
Head HIC-15 235
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.4
Compression (kN) 1.0
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 52
Lateral force (kN) 1.3
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 52
Average deflection (mm) 43
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 5.05
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.40
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.3
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.7
Combined force (kN) 3.5
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.0
L-M moment (Nm) 183
A-P moment (Nm) -58

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2010-13 models built after October 2009

Tested vehicle: 2010 Kia Forte SX 4-door

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 2,859 lbs
Peak force 13,084 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.58

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2010-13 models

Seat type: Manual cloth seats AHR

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Manual cloth seats AHR
Geometry
Backset (mm) 30
Distance below top of head (mm) 3
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 10.7
Head contact time (ms) 55
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 19
Max neck tension (N) 231

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted