2001 Hyundai Elantra

small car / 4-door sedan

2001 Hyundai Elantra 4-door sedan

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Moderate overlap front
Side
Head restraints & seats

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2001-03 models

Tested vehicle: 2001 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year. The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has evaluated the crashworthiness of the Elantra in three 40 mph moderate overlap frontal crash tests into deformable barriers.

After the first test, Hyundai indicated the dummy's lower leg injury measures were different from those recorded in tests the company had conducted and requested a retest. Results of the second test were somewhat improved for lower leg injuries, but a high right foot acceleration occurred. More significantly, the airbag deployed late, contributing to poor head injury measures.

A third test was conducted after Hyundai could find no evidence of a problem in the airbag deployment sensing system and suggested the late deployment might have been anomalous. However, the airbag also deployed late in the third test. Due to the similarity of results, the evaluation of the Hyundai Elantra is based on all three tests.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
In the first test, dummy movement was reasonably well controlled, although the dummy's head did hit the steering wheel through the frontal airbag. During rebound, the deployed side airbag kept the dummy's head away from the B-pillar. In the second test, the frontal airbag deployed late (76 milliseconds, compared with a typical 30 milliseconds), and the dummy's head hit the steering wheel. Also, the driver seat came loose on one of its tracks and moved forward 3 inches on the right side, where the safety belt is anchored. Both of the dummy's legs jammed against the instrument panel. The left shin contacted an exposed metal edge, and the right knee hit just below the ignition switch, producing gashes in the "vinyl" skin at the dummy's left shin and right knee. During rebound, the deployed side airbag kept the dummy's head away from the B-pillar. In the third test, the frontal airbag also deployed late (64 milliseconds), and the dummy's head hit the steering wheel through the airbag. The side airbag did not deploy in this test, and during rebound the dummy's head hit the B-pillar.

Action shot taken during the second of three frontal offset crash tests.

The driver's survival space was maintained well, as indicated by the dummy's position in relation to the steering wheel and instrument panel after the third crash test.

The seat latch failed to hold on the inboard (right) side, and the right side of the seat moved forward during the second crash test. The extent of seat movement is indicated by separation of the yellow paint marks (inset).

Smeared red greasepaint shows where the dummy's left shin hit and broke the plastic knee bolster, exposing a sharp edge of the underlying metal plate that gashed the vinyl "skin" just below the knee.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEF0103 CEF0112 CF00034
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 11 13 14
Left (cm) 19 19 23
Center (cm) 16 16 17
Right (cm) 14 14 13
Brake pedal (cm) 10 10 11
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 2 4 5
Right (cm) 4 4 4
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 3 3 5
Rearward (cm) 2 2 2
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 3 4 3

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEF0103 CEF0112 CF00034
Head
HIC-15 921 702 547
Peak gs at hard contact 100 174 122
Neck
Tension (kN) 3.4 3.2 1.4
Extension bending moment (Nm) 20 53 14
Maximum Nij 0.53 0.82 0.27
Chest maximum compression (mm) 33 35 29
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 3.7 3.4 2.8
Femur force - right (kN) 3.4 3.0 4.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 3 0 0
Knee displacement - right (mm) 5 0 2
Maximum tibia index - left 0.83 0.89 1.45
Maximum tibia index - right 0.77 0.82 1.09
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.0 1.7 2.5
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 7.0 5.2 6.3
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 62 56 62
Right 676 89 109

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2001-06 models

Tested vehicle: 2005 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door with standard front seat-mounted combination head and torso airbags

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year.

Rating applies to 2001-06 models

Tested vehicle:2005 Hyundai Elantra GLS 4-door

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 2001 model year.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
The dummy's head was hit by the window frame, glass, and sill of the rear passenger door, producing moderately high head injury measures.

View of the vehicle and barrier just after the crash test.

View of the vehicle after the crash with doors removed, showing the side airbag and damage to the occupant compartment.

Action shot taken during the side impact crash test showing the driver dummy's head was protected from being hit by hard structures by the side airbag.

Smeared greasepaint shows where the rear passenger dummy's head was hit by the window frame, glass, and sill of the rear passenger door.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CES0503
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -2.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID CES0503
Head HIC-15 301
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.0
Compression (kN) 0.2
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 44
Lateral force (kN) 1.5
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 55
Average deflection (mm) 44
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 7.22
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 1.70
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 2.7
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.4
Combined force (kN) 5.0
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.4
L-M moment (Nm) 255
A-P moment (Nm) 38

Passenger injury measures

Test ID CES0503
Head HIC-15 662
Neck
Tension (kN) 2.1
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 43
Lateral force (kN) 1.9
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 45
Average deflection (mm) 42
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 4.02
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.91
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 1.1
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.9
Combined force (kN) 3.6
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.2
L-M moment (Nm) 169
A-P moment (Nm) -57

How the side crash test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Rating applies to 2001-06 models

Seat type: All seats

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type All seats
Geometry
Backset (mm) 82
Distance below top of head (mm) 62
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Fail
Max T1 acceleration (g) 14.3
Head contact time (ms) 110
Force rating 3
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 427
Max neck tension (N) 1,490

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted