1999 Hyundai Elantra

small car / 4-door sedan

1999 Hyundai Elantra 4-door sedan
1997 Hyundai Elantra shown


Rating overview
Moderate overlap front: original test


  • G
  • A
  • M
  • P
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Moderate overlap front: original test

Rating applies to 1996-2000 models

Tested vehicle: 1997 Hyundai Elantra 4-door

The Hyundai Elantra was redesigned for the 1996 model year. Bumpers were improved starting with 1999 models.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Dummy movement was reasonably well controlled. During rebound, the dummy moved toward the driver door, which had bowed outward, and its head hit the B-pillar.

Action shot taken during the frontal offset crash test.

The driver's survival space was maintained reasonably well, although there was more rearward movement of the instrument panel than is desirable.

Smeared greasepaint indicates where the dummy's head hit the B-pillar. High head acceleration was recorded from this impact.

Rear bumpers on 1996-98 models allowed excessive damage in a 5 mph pole impact (left). Bumpers on 1999 and later models are much improved. They allowed virtually no damage in the same test (right).

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CF97020
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 13
Left (cm) 22
Center (cm) 20
Right (cm) 15
Brake pedal (cm) 10
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) 8
Right (cm) 6
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) 1
Rearward (cm) 5
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 8

Driver injury measures

Test ID CF97020
HIC-15 301
Peak gs at hard contact 97
Tension (kN) 2.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 28
Maximum Nij 0.39
Chest maximum compression (mm) 37
Femur force - left (kN) 3.9
Femur force - right (kN) 5.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 13
Maximum tibia index - left 0.33
Maximum tibia index - right 0.76
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 1.1
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 45
Right 66

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

End of main content